Yoshi
Yoshi (series).png
Genre(s)Platform, puzzle, arcade
Developer(s)Nintendo, Game Freak, Intelligent Systems, Artoon, Arzest, Good-Feel
Publisher(s)Nintendo
Platform(s)NES, Game Boy, SNES, Nintendo 64, Game Boy Advance, Nintendo DS, Nintendo 3DS, Wii U, Nintendo Switch
First releaseYoshi
December 14, 1991
Latest releaseYoshi's Crafted World
March 29, 2019

Yoshi is a video game franchise of platform games and puzzle games that is a spin-off of the Super Mario series published and produced by the Japanese gaming company Nintendo. The games have been developed by a variety of developers including Nintendo, Game Freak, Intelligent Systems, Artoon, its successor Arzest, and Good-Feel. Yoshi games have been released for Nintendo video game consoles and handhelds dating from the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) to the current generation of video game consoles. Some of the original Nintendo Entertainment System and Super Nintendo Entertainment System games have been ported to Game Boy Advance or the Virtual Console (both, in the case of Super Mario World).[1][2]

The series revolves around Yoshi, a green dinosaur character. He was first introduced in the Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) game released in 1990, Super Mario World, where Mario and Luigi can ride on him.[3] The antagonists of the series are Baby Bowser, the young king of Koopas, and Kamek, a Magikoopa who was Bowser's caretaker as a child. The first Yoshi game was the Nintendo Entertainment System puzzle game released in 1991, Yoshi,[3] which was developed by Game Freak.[4] The first game in what is considered the main series, as well as the first to feature Yoshi in a playable main-character role, is the game released in 1995, Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island, which introduces the universe staples which are used in many following games. These staples include colorful storybook graphics, and several gameplay elements. Yoshi's Island later received two sequels; Yoshi's Island DS (2006) for the DS and Yoshi's New Island (2013) for the 3DS. Yoshi's Story (1997), released for the Nintendo 64, took a more puzzle orientated approach was later followed by the spin-offs Yoshi's Universal Gravitation (2004) and Yoshi Touch & Go (2005), released on the Game Boy Advance and DS respectively. The next mainline game in the series was Yoshi's Woolly World (2015), released for the Wii U and later the 3DS, retitled as Poochy and Yoshi's Woolly World (2017). The latest game, Yoshi's Crafted World (2019) was released for the Nintendo Switch in March.

Video games[edit | edit source]

Yoshi's Island series[edit | edit source]

Title Details

Original release date(s):[5]
  • JP: August 5, 1995
  • NA: October 4, 1995
  • EU: October 6, 1995
Release years by system:
1995 - Super Nintendo Entertainment System[5]
2002 - Game Boy Advance[6]
2014 - Wii U Virtual Console[7]
Notes:



Original release date(s):[10]
  • JP: January 27, 2005
  • NA: March 14, 2005
  • EU: May 6, 2005
  • AU: May 19, 2005
Release years by system:
2005 - Nintendo DS[10]
2015 - Wii U Virtual Console[11]
Notes:
  • It is called Catch! Touch! Yoshi! in Japan.[10]
  • The title was developed by Nintendo.[12]
  • It was re-released for Wii U Virtual Console in 2015.[11]



Original release date(s):[13]
  • NA: November 13, 2006
  • AU: November 17, 2006
  • EU: December 1, 2006
  • JP: March 8, 2007
Release years by system:
2006 - Nintendo DS[13]
2015 - Wii U Virtual Console[11]
Notes:
  • The title was developed by Artoon.[14]
  • It was re-released for Wii U Virtual Console in 2015.[11]



Original release date(s):
  • NA: March 14, 2014
  • EU: March 14, 2014
  • AU: March 15, 2014
  • JP: July 24, 2014
Release years by system:
2014 - Nintendo 3DS[15]
Notes:


Platform games[edit | edit source]

Title Details

Original release date(s):[17]
  • JP: December 21, 1997
  • NA: March 10, 1998
  • PAL: May 10, 1998
Release years by system:
1997 - Nintendo 64[17]
2007 - Virtual Console[18]
Notes:



Original release date(s):[20]
  • JP: December 9, 2004
  • EU: April 22, 2005
  • NA: June 13, 2005
Release years by system:
2004 - Game Boy Advance[20]
Notes:
  • Known in North America as Yoshi Topsy-Turvy.[21]
  • The title was developed by Artoon.[21]



Original release date(s):
  • AU: June 25, 2015
  • EU: June 26, 2015
  • JP: July 16, 2015
  • NA: October 16, 2015
Release years by system:
2015 - Wii U[22]
2017 - Nintendo 3DS
Notes:



Original release date(s):
  • WW: March 29, 2019
Release years by system:
2019 - Nintendo Switch[24]
Notes:


Puzzle games[edit | edit source]

Title Details

Original release date(s):[4][26]
  • JP: December 14, 1991
  • NA: June 1, 1992
  • EU: December 10, 1992
Release years by system:
1991 - Nintendo Entertainment System[4]
1991 - Game Boy[26]
2007 - Virtual Console[27]
Notes:
  • Known as Yoshi's Egg in Japan and Mario & Yoshi in the PAL Region.
  • It was developed by Game Freak.[4]
  • It was re-released for Wii, 3DS, and Wii U Virtual Console.[27]



Original release date(s):[28][29]
  • JP: November 21, 1992[30]
  • NA: April 1993
  • EU: April 28, 1993
Release years by system:
1992 - Nintendo Entertainment System[28]
1992 - Game Boy[29]
1993 - Super Nintendo Entertainment System[31]
2008 - Wii Virtual Console[32]
Notes:
  • It was developed by Nintendo.[28]
  • It was included in the GameCube compilation Nintendo Puzzle Collection.[33]
  • It was re-released on Wii Virtual Console in 2008 and was available until 2013.[34]



Original release date(s):[35][36]
  • JP: October 27, 1995
  • NA: August, 1996
  • EU: November 28, 1996
Release years by system:
1995 - Super Nintendo Entertainment System[35]
1996 - Game Boy[36]
Notes:


Spin-offs[edit | edit source]

Title Details

Original release date(s):[38]
  • EU: 1993
  • JP: July 14, 1993
  • NA: September 1993
Release years by system:
1993 - Super Nintendo Entertainment System[38]
Notes:


Cancelled games[edit | edit source]

Title Details

Original release date(s):[40]
Cancelled
Release years by system:
Cancelled - Nintendo 64[40]
Notes:
  • In 1996, Argonaut Games approached Nintendo with a tech demo of a proposed 3D Yoshi game for Nintendo 64. Nintendo however, rejected the pitch, ending all future business relations between the two companies. The game was then eventually developed into a similar but unrelated game called Croc: Legend of the Gobbos, produced by Fox Interactive for the PlayStation, Sega Saturn and Microsoft Windows, and eventually released a sequel in 1999 titled Croc 2.



Original release date(s):[41]
Cancelled
Release years by system:
Cancelled - Game Boy Advance[41]
Notes:
  • The demo was shown off when Nintendo first unveiled the Game Boy Advance to U.S. game developers. It was a tech demo that was mainly derived from Yoshi's Story. The gameplay drastically differed from the original game. For instance, Yoshi couldn't throw eggs or use his tongue. The demo was meant to show off the graphical capabilities of the Game Boy Advance and it was never released as a completed game.


Reception[edit | edit source]

Aggregate review scores
As of March 28, 2019.
Game GameRankings Metacritic
Yoshi's Island {{{gr1}}} 91/100 (GBA)[42]
Yoshi's Story {{{gr2}}} 65/100[43]
Yoshi's Universal Gravitation {{{gr3}}} 60/100[44]
Yoshi Touch & Go {{{gr4}}} 73/100[45]
Yoshi's Island DS {{{gr5}}} 81/100[46]
Yoshi's New Island {{{gr6}}} 64/100[47]
Yoshi's Woolly World {{{gr7}}} 78/100[48]
Yoshi's Crafted World {{{gr8}}} 79/100[49]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Japanese: スーパーマリオ ヨッシーアイランド Hepburn: Sūpā Mario: Yosshī Airando?
  2. Japanese: ヨッシーのパネポン Hepburn: Yoshi no Panepon?

References[edit | edit source]

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