Triathlon is a Triathlon or so-called ' multi sport ', like for example winter triathlon, Duathlon, off-road Triathlon, biathlon, Decathlon, heptathlon and pentathlon. That is to say that it is a sport that exists from several disciplines. Because this also goes to the three endurance sports under the header combination requires stamina. At a triathlon counting normally the Bills with it, that is, the clock runs than by.
The original Triathlon consists of: 3.8 km swimming, 180 km cycling and running 42.195 km (the marathon distance). This is also referred to as a whole Triathlon; over the years, all kinds of derivative shorter versions such as the Olympic distance, half, quarter, eighth and sixteenth Triathlon (sprint).
- world record holder 2
- 3 Triathlon/triathlon
- 4 Matches
- 5 Distances
- 6 Famous triathletes
- 7 Championship lists
- 8 external links
The first triathlons were organized in France, between 1920 and 1930. These were first organized in Joinville and later in Meulan and Poissyin. The match was not yet the name ' Triathlon ', but has had different names: Les Trois Sports about La Course des Débrouillards to La Course des Touche-à-Tout. The game was a local tradition that annually by went without massive interest. In 1934 was La course des Trois Sports happen in La Rochelle the most eccentric of the year. The contest consisted of a crossing the channel (about 200 m swim), a bike trail of 10 km from the port of La Rochelle to the parc de Laleu, followed by 3 rounds on the slopes of stade André-Barbeau (so 1200 m walk).
On september 25, 1974 in San Diego was on Fiesta Island a triathlon competition held that for the first time the name ' Triathlon ' received. However, the order was different: it was 5 miles walked, biked and swum from 600 yards.
In 1977 , there was a bar on the island of Honolulu Primo a discussion between naval officer John Collins, his wife Judy and some others. The debate was about the question of which athletes had the best condition now: runners or swimmers or cyclists. Colllins managed to tell that, according to an article published in Sports Illustrated Magazine, the legendary Eddy Merckx, professional road bicycle racer from Belgium, the highest measured oxygen uptake (the VO2max) had all the athletes of the world.So were riders might be fitter than any other athletes. Had Collins and his wife Judy in 1974 and in 1975 already taken part in the triathlons staged by the San Diego Track Club and the Optimist Sports Fiesta Triathlon in Coronado, California in 1975. A number of soldiers in the bar were also familiar with these contests. Therefore, they decided to organize a contest that all long-distance races of Honolulu combined, nl. The Waikiki Roughwater Swim (3.8 km), the Around Oahu Bike Race (185 km)-originally a two day event and the Honolulu marathon (42.195 km). Collins calculated that, by 3 miles of the bike trail to take off and by counter clockwise direction driving around the island, the bike leg could start at the finish of the swimming contest and could end up at the Aloha Tower, the traditional start of the Honolulu Marathon. Who could win these three games in a row, was allowed to visit the Ironman (the man of steel) call.
The Ironman Hawaii remained a fun get-together of some fanatics, to the American media this outrageous contest and discovered extensive about messages. All over the world began to organize one triathlons. Triathlon is a young sport, but no other sport has made such a quick rise. Although by the International Triathlon Union (ITU) the World Championship long distance takes place every year in a different country now, consider all the Ironman Hawaii Triathlon professionals still as the unofficial World Championship. The contest takes place now around the place, Kailua Konaon the west coast of the island of Hawaii. One swims the Kailua Bay to Keauhou , drops of about Hawi (on the northern tip) and back again and finally runs a marathon.
Since the Sydney 2000 Summer Olympics , the triathlon added to the Olympic Games. However, no one concentrates all Triathlon, but the so-called Olympic distance: 1.5 km swimming, 40 km cycling and 10 km running. Drafting when cycling is allowed. That is, they may be driven in groups, short on each other, rather than a mandatory gap should be held. It is also in Worldcups drafting released.
Since the reform of 1993, in the official Dutch spelling the word according to the Green Book written without the Triathlon in future not pronounced h. The Dutch Triathlon Federation (NTB) remained, however, a number of years the spelling with th hold, to eventually anyway to choose the new spelling, however while maintaining the ' h ' in the name of the organization because this was the spelling at the time of the creation.
As of January 2009, however, was returned to the "traditional" spelling, with th, and became the federal organ Triathlon & Duathlon Sports (from 1988 to 2002 calledTriathlon Sports) renamed to Triathlon & Duathlon Sports  .
Some big matches in Netherlands are:
Big games in Belgium:
- 1/4 Triathlon Brasschaat
- 1/4 Triathlon Kapelle-op-den-Bos
- 1/4 Triathlon Izegem
- 1/4 Bruges Triathlon
- IronMan 70.3 Antwerp (1/2)
- Zwin Triathlon (1/4)
There are different distances defined by triathlons, as follows:
|Name distance||Short name||Swimming||Cycling||Running|
|Ironman Distance Triathlon/whole||1/1, IM, LA or LD||3800 m||180 km||42.2 km|
|ITU 3OD||3OD||4000 m||120 km||30 km|
|ITU 2OD||2OD||3000 m||80 km||20 km|
|Middle distance/Half Triathlon||1/2, MA or (E) MD||2500 m||80 km||20 km|
|Half Ironman/Ironman 70.3||IM 70.3||1900 m||90 km||21.1 km|
|ITU Olympic distance (OD)||OA or OD||1500 m||40 km||10 km|
|Quarter Distance||1/4||1000 m||40 km||10 km|
|ITU Sprint Distance (SD)||SA or SD||750 m||20 km||5 km|
|Eighth Triathlon||1/8||500 m||20 km||5 km|
|Supersprint||400 m||10 km||2.5 km|
|Mini Triathlon||1/16||250 m||10 km||2.5 km|