Tose Co., Ltd.
Public K.K.
Traded as TYO: 4728
Industry Interactive entertainment
Founded  1979; 40 years ago (1979-11)
Headquarters Script error
Products Video games
Game & Watch Gallery series
Number of employees
1,000 (2015)[1]
Website Official website
Script error

Tose Co., Ltd. (株式会社トーセ Kabushiki-gaisha Tōse?) (TYO: 4728) (also called Tose Software) is a video game development company based in Kyoto, Japan. It is mostly known for developing Nintendo's Game & Watch Gallery series, various Dragon Ball games, as well as other Nintendo products. Tose has developed or co-developed over 1,000 games since the company's inception in 1979, but is virtually never credited in the games themselves (an exception to this is Game & Watch Gallery 4 and The Legendary Starfy series, as Tose shares the copyright with Nintendo).[2] "We're always behind the scenes," said Masa Agarida, Vice President of Tose's U.S. division. "Our policy is not to have a vision. Instead, we follow our customers' visions. Most of the time we refuse to put our name on the games, not even staff names." As such, Tose has gained a reputation for being a "ghost developer".[3]


In November 1979, Tose was established at Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto as independent entity from Toa Seiko Co., Ltd. In April 1984 they began to develop video games, a year later educational software. Tose's head office was moved Otokuni-gun, Kyoto Prefecture in May 1986. Event software development began in April 1987. In July 1988, new head office in Yamazaki, Kyoto was completed. Starting in May 1990, Tose began developing software for Game Boy and Super Famicom (Super NES).

In August 1999, Tose was listed on the Osaka Securities Exchange 2nd Section and Kyoto Stock Exchange. In October of that year, the Kyoto Head office was opened at Shijo-Karasuma, which integrate the business of head office functions and the Karasuma CG Center. On 27 September 2000, Tose was listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange 2nd Section.[4] In August 2001, they were listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange 1st Section and Osaka Securities Exchange 1st Section.

On December 18, 2007 Tose announced the leakage of its business information onto the Internet, discovered a day before. The information included 10 pieces of information relating to customer names, development cases, development contents, development fees and reception time.[5]

On September 1, 2011 Tose announced separating the amusement machine development business from the 2nd game development department (ゲーム事業部開発2部) into a separate amusement machine developer (AM開発部).[6]


  • Yamazaki Development Center (山崎開発センター): TOSE Co. Ltd.'s head office in Yamazaki, Kyoto (later Yamazaki Development Center) was completed in July 1988.
  • TOSE SOFTWARE(Hangzhou) CO., LTD. (東星軟件(杭州)有限公司): In 2001-02-23, TOSE Co. Ltd. announced the establishment of a wholly owned TOSE SOFTWARE(Hangzhou) CO., LTD. subsidiary at Hangzhou, China, effective in 2001-03-01, and began operation in 2001-05-18.[8]
  • Tokyo office (東京オフィス)/Tokyo Development Center (東京開発センター): In Sep 2002, Tokyo office was established at Shibuya-Ku, Tokyo.
  • PHONEX COMMUNICATIONS, INC. (株式会社フォネックス・コミュニケーションズ): Established in Oct 2004 in Shibuya, Tokyo.
  • Sapporo Development Center (札幌開発センター): In 2007-04-05, TOSE Co. Ltd. announced the establishment of Nagoya development centre (札幌開発室) at Sapporo central mobile phone contents developer and computer graphics producer.[9]
  • Librica Co.,Ltd. (株式会社リブリカ): In 2008-07-17, TOSE Co. Ltd. announced the establishment of Librica Co.,Ltd. (株式会社リブリカ) in 2008-04-30 as digital comic distributor and operator, with TOSE Co. Ltd. owning 42.86% of the subsidiary as of 2008-07-17.[10]
  • Nagaokakyo development centre (長岡京開発センター): Established in Nov 2009.
  • Nishioji Development Center (西大路開発センター): Established in Feb 2010 at Ukyo-Ku, Kyoto.
  • TOSE PHILIPPINES, INC.: In 2013-07-11, TOSE Co. Ltd. announced the establishment of TOSE PHILIPPINES, INC. at Manila, Republic of Philippines, effective in August 2013, as a development center in order to develop and distribute Japan-brand and original digital content in the Southeast Asia market.[11] In 2013-07-11, TOSE Co. Ltd. announced TOSE PHILIPPINES, INC. was established in 2013-06-11, and began operation in 2013-08-01.[12][13]
  • TDrive: It is a video game portal launched TOSE Philippines, for games to customers in the ASEAN market.[14]

Former subsidiariesEdit

  • Shijo Development Center (四条開発センター): Established in Nov 2004 at Karasuma Shijo. In Mar 2010, Shijo Development Center was dissolved as part of strategical development sites integration.
  • Omiya Branch Office (大宮分室)/Omiya Development Center (大宮開発センター): In Apr 1988, TOSE Co. Ltd. opened Omiya Branch Office in Shimogyo-ku, Kyoto. In Feb 2010, Omiya Development Center was dissolved.
  • Nagaokakyo CG Center (長岡京CGセンター): opened in February 1994 at Nagaokakyo, Kyoto Prefecture. In January 1999, its business was transferred to Karasuma CG Center.
  • Karasuma CG Center (烏丸CGセンター): Established in January 1999. In January 1999, Nagaokakyo CG Center's business was transferred to Karasuma CG Center. In October 1999, Karasuma CG Center's business was transferred to the Kyoto headquarters in Shijoukarasuma, and Karasuma CG Center was dissolved in October 1999.
  • TOSE OKINAWA CO., LTD. (株式会社トーセ沖縄): Established in Dec 2004 as game software developer. In August 2012, TOSE OKINAWA CO., LTD. was absorbed into the parent company. In 2012-05-29, TOSE Co. Ltd. announced absorbing TOSE OKINAWA CO., LTD. into TOSE Co. Ltd., effective on 2012-08-01.[15]
  • Nagoya development centre (名古屋開発センター): In 2007-04-05, TOSE Co. Ltd. announced the establishment of Nagoya development centre (名古屋開発室) at Nakamura district, Nagoya as game software developer and computer graphics producer.[9] Dissolved in February 2010.[16]
  • TOSE Software of America Inc.: Established in May 1991 at Los Angeles, California. In Apr 1993, TOSE Software of America Inc. was dissolved when overseas electronic game market collapsed.
  • Karasuma CG Center: Opened in Jan 1999 to replace Nagaokakyo CG Center. Dissolved in Oct 1999 following the opening of Kyoto Head office.
  • T-net Co., Ltd. (株式会社ティーネット): 2000-01-17, TOSE Co. Ltd. announced its acquisition of Japan Data Frontier (有限会社日本データフロンティア). In 2000-01-18, Japan Data Frontier (有限会社日本データフロンティア) became a subsidiary of TOSE Co., Ltd. through capital contribution, with 1120 shares (62.0% stake) ownership. In 2000-01-26, the Japan Data Frontier was renamed to T-net Co., Ltd. ((株)ティーネット), aiming at expanding the planning and development of content for mobile information devices, including the iMode phone.[17] In 2007-04-05, TOSE Co. Ltd. announced transferring the T-NET, INC.'s business to PHONEX COMMUNICATIONS, INC. and dissolution of T-NET, INC., with transfer completed in 2007-05-31, followed by dissolution in 2007-06-08.[18]
  • TOSE Software (Shanghai) co., Ltd. (東星軟件(上海)有限公司): Established in 1993-11-23 in Shanghai, China. In 2013-08-30, TOSE Co. Ltd. announced the dissolution of TOSE Software (Shanghai) co., Ltd., beginning in September 2013.[19]
  • TOSE SOFTWARE USA, INC.: Established in Mar 2003 in California as a business headquarters for Europe and America. In June 2013, TOSE SOFTWARE USA, INC. was dissolved due to organizational change.

List of games developed by ToseEdit

NOTE: Some of these titles are merely believed or assumed to be developed by Tose, due to information compiled by various amateur and professional journalists. Most have not been officially confirmed as Tose-developed products by any of the games' publishers, co-developers, or Tose themselves. Many of the games released by Bandai, Tomy Corporation, Jaleco, Taito, Namco, Tonkin House were developed by Tose.

See also Category:Tose (company) games

Template:Expand list


Family Computer/Nintendo Entertainment SystemEdit

Super Famicom/Super NESEdit

Game BoyEdit

Game Boy ColorEdit

Game Boy AdvanceEdit


PlayStation 2Edit

Playstation 3Edit

Playstation 4Edit

PlayStation PortableEdit

PlayStation VitaEdit

Nintendo DSEdit

Nintendo 3DSEdit

List of games published by NintendoEdit

These are games published by Nintendo that were developed by Tose.

Family Computer/Nintendo Entertainment SystemEdit

Game BoyEdit

Game Boy ColorEdit

Virtual BoyEdit

Game Boy AdvanceEdit

Nintendo DSEdit

Nintendo 3DSEdit

Wii UEdit

Games ported by ToseEdit

Tose has ported a few games, including Square and Enix games for the Nintendo Entertainment System and Super NES.

See alsoEdit


  1. Leone, Matt (30 September 2015). "The secret developers of the video game industry". Vox Media. Archived from the original on 1 October 2015. Retrieved 2 October 2015. 
  2. Sheffield, Brandon (2006-05-18). "Tose: Game Development Ninjas". Gamasutra. Retrieved 2009-05-22. 
  3. Cifaldi, Frank (2006-04-20). "The Connection is Made: Developer Highlights from Game Connection 2006 (Part Two)". Gamasutra. Retrieved 2009-05-22. 
  4. 東京証券取引所市場第二部への上場のお知らせ
  5. 業務情報の漏洩に関するお知らせ
  6. 機構改革および人事異動についてのお知らせ
  7. TOSE Software : Japan > History
  8. 子会社設立に関するお知らせ
  9. 9.0 9.1 [1]
  10. 株式会社リブリカの設立とデジタルコミック配信事業について
  11. フィリピンにおける子会社設立に関するお知らせ
  12. トーセ、フィリピン子会社を設立…東南アジア向けのゲームソフトを開発
  13. (訂正)フィリピンにおける子会社設立に関するお知らせ
  14. TDrive Launched
  15. 連結子会社の吸収合併(簡易合併・略式合併)に関するお知らせ
  16. 第33期(自平成23年9月1日 至平成24年8月31日)有価証券報告書
  17. (株)ティーネット(T-net)の設立のお知らせ
  18. グループ会社の事業統合に伴う事業譲渡および解散のお知らせ
  19. 特定子会社の解散及び繰延税金資産の計上に関するお知らせ
  20. 20.00 20.01 20.02 20.03 20.04 20.05 20.06 20.07 20.08 20.09 20.10 20.11 20.12 20.13 20.14 20.15 20.16 20.17 20.18 20.19 20.20 Kennedy, Sam (2007-01-24). "Tose: Gaming's Dirty Little Secret". Retrieved 2009-05-22. 
  21. Hill, Doug (October 14, 1999). "Tose to develop for Playstation 2". Retrieved 2009-08-16. 
  22. Caoili, Eric (December 29, 2010). "Devil Summoner: Soul Hackers' Fan-Translation Trailer". GameSetWatch. Retrieved 2015-05-13. 
  23. 任天堂より発売のゲームボーイ アドバンス用ソフト「伝説のスタフィー」は、任天堂とトーセが共同開発いたしました。
  24. "Nintendo Power Holiday 2008". Nintendo Power 236: p. 82. 2008. 

External linksEdit

  • [[[:Template:Official website/http]] Official website] Invalid language code.
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.