Rowing is a sport in which a boat is stowed forward using straps. Rowing differs from canoeing because the rowers opposite to watch the course. Also provides the boat the pivot point for the rowing belt, while canoeing the paddle has no connection to the boat. In addition the strength in rowing from the legs, especially where this comes from the poor at canoeing.

If sport can eradicate be practiced individually or in a team . There is a number of different disciplines at the rowing. In the women's single sculls, a boat for one person, is there always rowed with two straps. At two or more boats with rowers, there are two possibilities. Or each rower has one belt (sweep) or each rower has two oars (sculling). In the largest regular number, eight with mate, is usually rowed with one belt per rower.

Another, less well-known form of rowing is blah Bah.


[hide]*1 boat and crew

Boat and crew[Edit]Edit

The crew[Edit]Edit

In all boats-apart from the skiff-have the places in the boat a number. Numbering starts at the bow of the boat and ends in the back. The front rower, ' number one ' has always on bow.

There are a few special positions:


The rate is set at the back of the boat. He sits with his back to the other rowers, the others have to follow exactly his pace. The battle can also easily communicate with the mate if the send behind in the boat is. It is the responsibility of the battle during a race to sail a constant pace, and possibly to accelerate when that is indicated by the helmsman. The battle is often the most experienced rower from a boat.


The bow is all at the front of the boat, he sees the other oarsmen in the boat on the back. In non-steered boats is the bow usually responsible for steering the boat and for giving commands. There are also boats in which the mate in the bow lies instead of in the back. In those boats, the mate much rely on communication with the bow, he can not come to see traffic coming back after all.


The helmsman:

  • sends the boat
  • encourages the crew to
  • indicates the crew by how they are in the field
  • gives strategic commands, indicates when Express should be

It is useful when the mate is light, then a team to carry extra weight as little as possible. There are, however, minimum weight requirements, when the helmsman must be taken additional ballast is too light. The value of a good mate is not so much in the keep right of the boat. The value lies in motivating the team, bring in the still just slightly more to do when they already sit on their maximum power. When a driver has won the confidence of the team you see that right back in the race, the rowers deliver more than what is expected of them. The responsibility of the mate does that one sometimes what can stand outside the team, he must also clearly indicate when someone is not enough performs. He thus has a clear coach-responsibility.

The one that sends used for communication in the boat a call Horn. But that has now been replaced by a sportroeien at the serious sound system in place by rowing the boat, with a speaker.

The coach

Usual ride the coach gives the boat and from shore along with clues. There was a megaphone for used, but in the present time is that a boat's sound system linked to the supply. A coach in the boat has hardly view on the rowing motion and depends on the feeling to determine if the maximum is taken out. From the shore can be found in the rowing motion errors much easier, such as "by the bench steps" or a "pikhaal".

Rowing Technique[Edit]Edit

In rowing are five phases:

  1. Phasing of the get
  2. Powerful afstuwen
  3. Bodypreparation
  4. Acceleration through the whole get/drifting in the catch
  5. Contrast get

1 this is based on the idea that the legs are the strongest followed by the back and then the arms. Try with the shoe sole to stop the flywheel : the back only comes when the legs are kicked out at all, the poor come only after completing the rugzwaai. In addition, the muscles have a particular power-speed connection; great power-low speed, small power-high speed. Special combinations are to train You should call with loose feet in the heels of the shoes to rowing. One gets than a reflex to stop the rugzwaai and explosive for the poor at the time that one feels that the feet come off and the risk of losing balance backwards. If one but well keep on going, to the end of the stairs, is taking over legs to back ' without saying ' good. Coordination must therefore be taught at back to arms.

2 during most of the rugzwaai is the stored kinetic energy in the fuselage together with the muscle power via the straight arms issued to the water.

Afstuwen: On ' the right time ' take the shoulder (s) and speed up the boat over the arms of the back. The shoulders rotate to the spine and the buitenarm is in horizontal position with the elbow extended well to the boegbal (Board), at sculling pulled the shoulders back and chest pushed forward. Result must be that in the last ' 10 inches ' fetch the back stops moving. The back is upright and almost instantly smoking over the pole to the ass drawn as introduction to the bent over; the higher the speed the more necessary to be able to pick up the pace.

Relax by the water: deep vertical movement from the shoulders. Because there are good there is large, the SAT is stopped at the last shoulders located almost above the belt (s), so that these (n), just as when one is with the arms at chest height of a wall opduwt, from the shoulders up powerful and deep word (t) (s) expressed. The movement to the hull, the afstuwen, hold only after the last water-contact on. This is a quarter circle down, both wrists are until this moment still right around the vertical movement effectively on the belt (s) across. From this moment forward the buitenarm the belt still with flat wrist by the second quarter of the semicircle that can gauge the is and delayed only arrived here in what the 1 1/2 stop is. The binnenhand running in this second quarter quietly sheet horizontally. The release of the water vertically with pressure is a major reason. The boat is powered as long as possible and the boat is by means of the vertical force that is a result of the blade angle held in balance until the last moment. 1 1/2 stop is the get terminated and should be relaxed.

3 bodypreparation: mass on the bench, head upright, outside shoulder already wound. slipping away. The hands move from the relative calm of the 1 1/2 stop with a flowing motion to the lifting. at the moment the bodypreparation is reached, one slips so keep the hands away, that the same speed. The speed of the bench now takes to apply it evenly, for example in the single sculls in ed-get, slightly further than halfway through the sliding. At the eight on the other hand, this later. During this glide is referred to by the continuous acceleration held on the boat speed. Hitting: You put your sheet fixed, you have a lot of pressure, but no more good pedal. First the leg muscles have to speed up the body for which only a certain strength is developed, but there is still the pressure at, an extra tax.

4 Drifting in the catch. This means that the speed of the blade so that during the whole bet (catch), of the first water-contact to volbedekt, you have no pressure. Drifting is driving the boat, from this situation can be fine doorversneld be on the legs. The trick is that you must be exactly the jounce so good trap speed at the time of betting. Almost everybody hit. It should not be in the heavy lifting but you should be able to accelerate by the get . Acceleration by the get. If you see no acceleration is hit by the get. In drifting you can very likely more power through the whole remove from your muscles, and you go so harder. Power is power and speed.

5 Contrast get. During the get, effort, muscles are not to bad by blood. The effort to sustain the long muscles well by blood are to get the necessary oxygen and fuel and waste disposal. This is only possible at low to no muscle tone.


There are two main types of competitions in rowing: the job competition and the head-contest.

  • Course contest, the standard boat race on a rowing course over a distance of two kilometres with up to six teams in the final. The teams start at the same time next to each other in six courses. If there are more than six teams through a system of for competitions, Repechage and semifinals broke up who should the final rowing. At big games ( Rotsee Regatta,WORLD CUPOlympic Games) is also at a less than 6 teams for match the job hazards to determine the final format. There are also competitions all over other distances, the 500 m sprint, long distances, very long distances, a rowing vierkamp and several rowing encounters with a more recreational character.
  • Head-contest, a contest usually on a river or channel between teams start one after the other and where the fastest boat of a field is the winner. The distance over which this kind of competitions can vary widely, but are often longer than the standard two kilometers. The Head of the river Amstel , for example, for men as well as women's 8 kilometers.
The rowing boats used for rowing
name type number of rowers gentlemen Ladies mate min. weight
Skiff 1 x 1 O O No 14 kg
Double two 2 x 2 O O No 27 kg
Two without 2- 2 O O No 27 kg
Two with 2 + 2 - not Yes 32 kg
Women's quadruple sculls without coxswain 4 x 4 O O No 52 kg
Double four with 4 * 4 - - Yes 52 kg
Coxless four 4- 4 O - No 50 kg
Four with 4 + 4 - - Yes 51 kg
Eight 8 + 8 O O Yes 96 kg
  • The two belts to give sculling, × per rower. The other numbers are board numbers.
  • The + or with the word refers to a number, sent in the boat is a mate or-woman present. Send the rowers at the other numbers itself.
  • The * displays both sculling as the present from a mate or-woman on board. This is therefore a shortening of x +
  • With a O are the Olympic numbers indicated in the open class. There is also a special weight class, the so-called light rowing.
  • See also list of medal winners Dutch rowers at the Olympics

Listed above are the so-called smooth boats , the boats that are used for competitions. The boats are shaky (especially the skiff), which require training to stay afloat even in. For learning trimmi and C-there are also the rowing boats, the C1, C2, C4. These boats are less shaky, are heavier and safer for the novice rower.

The wherry, after all, is a wooden boat that is even more stable, which also has more space for carrying luggage. It is a row boat. A special type of wherry, wherry, a type where the sailing is still there a few more from Netherlands in boating, and with which not only rowed but also can be sailed.

Special boat types and row boats[Edit]Edit

  • The three (3 x) (usually a 2 x +, where the send place can be transformed to rowing place)
  • The six with (6 +)
  • The double eight (8 *) (is used primarily in training)
  • The double sixteen (16 *) (by boat Builder Stämpfli)
  • The double four-and-twenty (24 *) (by boat Builder Stämpfli) (same as the 16 *, with a piece in between)
  • Wherry (in a variety of sizes, usually 2 or 4 with)
  • B-type (to construction and sizes; B-four)
  • C-type (to design and sizes: from sheet material. C-2, C-4)
  • Overnaads (because of the construction from overlapping shelves)

Start Fields[Edit]Edit

On rowing competitions starts in different fields. A distinction is made to a number of different aspects:


The races are not mixed dangers, there is a distinction by sex.




There is a distinction in two weight classes

Heavy rowing or open class

Light rowing (men: equal or less 72.5 kg; boat average equal or less than 70 kg. ladies: equal or less 59 kg; boat average equal or less than 57 kg.)


A distinction is made by age (where the age as at 31 december of the year counts as the age for that year)

Juniors 11-12 to 12-year-olds (500 m)
Juniors 13-14 to 14-year-olds (1000 m)
Juniors 15-16 to 16-year-olds (2000 m)
Junior 17-18 to 18-year-olds (2000 m)
Seniors U23 (formerly Senior B) to 23-year-olds (2000 m)
Seniors A open class: no boundaries (2000 m)
Masters Veterans, starting from 27 years. Masters (A) has a minimum age, for the other Masters classes is calculated the average age in the boat.
Masters (A) Veterans, starting from 27 years (1000 m)
Masters B Veterans, with average age at least 36 years; (1000 m)
Masters C Veterans, with average age at least 43 years; (1000 m)
Masters D Veterans, with average age at least 50 years; (1000 m)
Masters E Veterans, with average age aged at least 55; (1000 m)
Masters F Veterans, with average age at least 60 years; (1000 m)
Masters G Veterans, with average age at least 65 years; (1000 m)
Masters H Veterans, with average age at least 70 years; (1000 m)

In special classes starts to inexperienced paddlers also give a chance to the occasional "look to pull". (This experience is tracked separately for the sweep and sculling.)

Beginners Novice are you as long as you have no listed race won.
Newbies Novice can you be as long as you have less than three klasserende matches won. (not applicable in Belgium)
Transitional Class You can play in the first division as long as you have less than eight klasserende games won. (not applicable in Belgium)
Freshman (Only consider) A special class is the freshman eight. This is a class that plays a major role in the students rowing. To participate in that class are governed by specific requirements, for example, that you not as a junior on the juniors-World Cup may have rowed and no klasserende at the beginning of the year contest have won.(not applicable in Belgium)

Start fields are classified following the above format in fields, combined with the type of boat that rowed, for example the JW2-junior women's field are all (to 18 years) who in the two-without starting; or the MSA8 + is the open field of the men Seniors A-see fit. It is clear that such a huge number of different start fields can occur. Per contest will determine which fields can start. For example, on the Randstad Regatta will not start, while the Amsterdam Masters veterans on the other hand, especially for the Veterans was meant to be.

Rowing bladmotieven[Edit]Edit

The motive and the colors on a rowing blade are important in rowing. It is an authentic and typically given with a long history and tradition. In addition to the uniform clothing is the rowing blade and the motive and its color registered and regulated by the respective rowing federations and by the International Rowing Federation FISA. Not only rowing clubs all have an authentic rowing bladmotief rowing and rowing kleurkeuze sheet, but also all nations have such a recognizable rowing blade. At the national States referred only to the national flag is not long. Usually, the well-known country colors retrieved, but the motive is sometimes totally unique, as for example the rowing Journal of the United States , the Czech Republic or Ireland.

Rowing Events[Edit]Edit

National rowing events in Netherlands[Edit]Edit

Other major rowing events in Netherlands[Edit]Edit

National leagues and standings in Netherlands[Edit]Edit

National and international rowing events in Belgium[Edit]Edit




International rowing events[Edit]Edit


In Flanders are so-called "jeugdtriathlons" organized. That are composed of competitions running, rowing and rowing slalom. The distances walked or rowed are depend on the category. The categories that participate go from juniors junior 9-10 to 13-14 (exceptional Juniors 15-16).

  • 9-10 year olds: 1000 m walk, 250 m line trial via the "time-trial" System.
  • 11-12 year olds: 1000 m walk, 500 m line test in series.
  • 13-14 year olds: 2000 m walk, 1000 m line test in series.
  • 15-16 year olds: 3000 m walk, 2000 m line test in series.

The slalom test is the same for everyone.

The individual results are calculated on a points classification by category. Typically, there is also a club standings organized the collective performance by club over all categories crowns.

The Royal Club Nautique de Gand has the not so understood on slalom with a slender youth skiff and keeps it therefore at its annual traditional rowing- duathlon.

It Used To Be[Edit]Edit

The Regatta of Terdonk was from the last quarter of the 19th century to 1954 a rowing contest on the Belgian-Dutch Ghent-Terneuzen Canal. It was for many years a massive crowd puller with great international prestige. This regatta was in the UK known as May Regatta and bootjesvaring locally as. There was there in the 1930s even though a student regatta, organized by T.S.G. it will go though in cooperation with theRoyal Club Nautique de Gand. During the World Exhibition of 1913 were also the first European Rowing Championships for Ghent FISA decorated. Starting from the second European Championships of FISA 1955 the watersportbaan the new location. It was an organization of the Royal Club Nautique de Gand, the very first foreign winners of the Grand Challenge Cup at the Henley Royal Regatta.

Rowing in Netherlands[Edit]Edit

Netherlands has three roeibanen that two kilometer to the international standards (8 courses wide, 6 championship courses, a oproei Court and extinction job), the Bosbaan rowing course in Amsterdam and inharkstede (Groningen). Since 2013 is at Rotterdam a modern 2 km course in use that is baptized as Willem-Alexander Court. The rowing course in Tilburg offers 4 courses and is thus too narrow to international standards. Some national competitions on this rowing course be rowed. The Willem-Alexander roeibaan in Rotterdam is in december 2012 and meets the international requirements.



See list of rowing clubs in Netherlands for the main article on this topic.

Multipurpose rowing centres[Edit]Edit

Rowing in Belgium[Edit]Edit

In Belgium the job in Hazewinkel is suitable for competitions according to the standards of the FISA and be on the watersportbaan in Ghent 2 important selectieregattas held including the well-known FISA May Regatta. The Belgian Rowing Foundation, the Royal Belgian Rowing Federation , and the Flemish rowing League and the East Flemish rowing League (Ghent) take most of the organizations on their behalf.



See list of rowing clubs in Belgium for the main article on this topic.

Multipurpose Rowing Centres[Edit]Edit

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