Mushroom Kingdom
'Mario' location
The Mushroom Kingdom as it appears in New Super Mario Bros. U
First appearanceSuper Mario Bros.
Created byShigeru Miyamoto
GenreVideo game
RulerPrincess Peach

The Mushroom Kingdom is the primary location of the Mario series of video games. It is the one of the largest kingdoms of Mushroom World. Under the rule of Princess Peach Toadstool, the kingdom has enjoyed and endured both a peaceful and traumatic existence. The former is largely attributed to Peach's ability to rule and the general good-natured feeling that permeates Mushroom Kingdom society. The latter is largely attributed to the Koopa Troop, a group of turtles who reign over the badlands known as the Dark Land, and their leader, Bowser. However, because of Princess Peach's magnanimousness, the Mushroom Kingdom is able to accept Bowser and his allies within its borders for various kart-racing and sports tournaments. Despite their continued belligerency, the peaceful Mushroom Kingdom never wishes for revenge against the Koopa Troop. Addtionally, the Mushroom Kingdom shares its southwestern border with the Beanbean Kingdom.

It should be noted that there is disparity between the kingdom's multiple appearances regarding the exact layout of certain towns and locations. However, the Mushroom Kingdom comprises many recurring landscapes, such as plains, deserts, islands, forests, mountains, snowy areas, wastelands and others.

Overview[edit | edit source]

Mario and Luigi in Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels.

Mushroom Kingdom is a recurring place in the Mario franchise. It is portrayed differently in many of the games it appears in. In the Super Mario Bros. and the New Super Mario Bros. games, the Mushroom Kingdom is often portrayed as having eight differently-themed worlds (usually grasslands, desert, snow, etc.) that Mario has to travel through in order to rescue Peach from Bowser. Super Mario RPG: Legend of the Seven Stars is the first game to show civilian life in the Mushroom Kingdom, something continued later in games such as the Paper Mario and Mario & Luigi series. Mario Kart 64 and later Mario Kart games reveal that Mushroom Kingdom has metropolitan areas in the forms of Toad's Turnpike, Mushroom City and other urban courses.

In The Super Mario Bros. Super Show!, the Mushroom Kingdom, most commonly referred to as "Mushroomland", is a central plot point in the show; the Mushroom Kingdom is apparently under the influence of King Koopa in the show. Mario, Luigi, Toad and Princess Toadstool spend the bulk of the series' episodes searching for someone or something that could free it from his grasp.

The Mushroom Kingdom has inspired several stages in the Super Smash Bros. series. Two of these, both called Mushroom Kingdom, are based off of the kingdom as it appeared in the original Super Mario Bros., with usable Warp Pipes and POW Blocks in Super Smash Bros., and ? Blocks and Brick Blocks in Melee. Despite its name, Mushroom Kingdom II from Melee is based off of Subcon as it appeared in Super Mario Bros. 2. All three of these stages feature 3-D versions of stage elements, such as blocks and platforms, while any characters are portrayed as flat 2-D images.

Leaping Lizards describes the Mushroom Kingdom as being deep under the surface of the Earth, which is used as an explanation for how Mario and Luigi can reach the Kingdom through a series of pipes in Brooklyn.[1]

In Super Smash Bros. Melee's Adventure Mode, the first stage is also called Mushroom Kingdom, where players have to get past Goombas, Koopa Troopas, and a team of Yoshis to reach Princess Peach's Castle, where Peach and either Mario or Luigi are fought. Two Toads also appear, one at the Yoshi arena and one at the endpoint.

Super Smash Bros. Brawl features Mushroomy Kingdom. This stage indicates that in the alternate world of Super Smash Bros., the Mushroom Kingdom was abandoned after Super Mario Bros. Familiar structures are now old, worn-down ruins and the entire stage appears as a barren desert and cave. The stage depicts replicated versions of either World 1-1 or World 1-2 when selected.

In Super Smash Bros. for Wii U, a stage called Mushroom Kingdom U, based on the worlds from New Super Mario Bros. U, is featured.

General information[edit | edit source]

Government[edit | edit source]

The Mushroom Kingdom is a monarchy ruled by Princess Peach. The kingdom's capital is Toad Town. Here, Princess Peach resides in her castle. Early material also includes her father, the kindly Mushroom King, who is mentioned to rule alongside her. However, he does not seem to perform any administrative functions, and his presence is largely forgotten in the series.

Princess Peach keeps a hoard of Toad guards at her castle. However, Mario, Luigi, and many other heroes of the Mushroom Kingdom have fought to save it and its princess countless times before. Currently, Princess Peach staffs and supports Toad Houses in major towns near Toad Town.

Demographics[edit | edit source]

The Mushroom Kingdom's population is very vast, consisting of hundreds of species. Most prevalent are Toads, Koopa Troopas, Goombas, Yoshis, and Boos. Even though Princess Peach, Mario, and Luigi are human, there are very few humans living in the Mushroom Kingdom.

Species of the Mushroom Kingdom[edit | edit source]

Currency[edit | edit source]

The current design of a Coin.

The Mushroom Kingdom primarily uses coins for tender, referred to as Mushroom Coins in the Beanbean Kingdom. Coming in six varieties, coins are often found scattered throughout the Kingdom. The coin has undergone several changes throughout the years; the three most prominent coin designs are the blank design, the star design and the "|" design.

Below is a table detailing the value of each type of coin.

Type of Coin Value
Gold Coin 1
Red Coin 2 in Super Mario 64, 1 in most other games
Blue Coin 5 in Super Mario 64, 1 in most other games
10 Gold Coin 10
Giant Coin 100
Crown Coin 1000

Cities, Towns and Castles[edit | edit source]

The Mushroom Kingdom area in Super Mario RPG: Legend of the Seven Stars.


Paper Mario Series

Mario & Luigi Series

Mushroom Kingdoom.png

Mario Kart Series

Appearances[edit | edit source]

Title Release Date System/Format
Super Mario Bros. 1985 Famicom/NES
Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels 1986 Disk System
Super Mario Bros. 3 1988 Famicom/NES
The Super Mario Bros. Super Show! 1989 Television
Dr. Mario 1990 Famicom/NES/Game Boy/Arcade
The Adventures of Super Mario Bros. 3 1990 Television
Super Mario Kart 1992 Super Nintendo Entertainment System
Wario's Woods 1994 Nintendo Entertainment System
Mario's Tennis 1995 Virtual Boy
Super Mario RPG: Legend of the Seven Stars 1996 Super Nintendo Entertainment System
Super Mario 64 1996 Nintendo 64
Mario Kart 64 1996 Nintendo 64
Mario Party 1998 Nintendo 64
Super Smash Bros. 1999 Nintendo 64
Mario Party 2 1999 Nintendo 64
Mario Golf 1999 Nintendo 64
Mario Golf 1999 Game Boy Color
Paper Mario 2000 Nintendo 64
Mario Tennis 2000 Nintendo 64
Mario Party 3 2000 Nintendo 64
Mario Tennis 2000 Game Boy Color
Dr. Mario 64 2001 Nintendo 64
Mario Kart: Super Circuit 2001 Game Boy Advance
Luigi's Mansion 2001 Nintendo GameCube
Super Smash Bros. Melee 2001 Nintendo GameCube
Mario Party 4 2002 Nintendo GameCube
Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga 2003 Game Boy Advance
Mario Golf: Toadstool Tour 2003 Nintendo GameCube
Mario Kart: Double Dash!! 2003 Nintendo GameCube
Mario Party 5 2003 Nintendo GameCube
Mario vs. Donkey Kong 2004 Game Boy Advance
Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door 2004 Nintendo GameCube
Mario Power Tennis 2004 Nintendo GameCube
Mario Party 6 2004 Nintendo GameCube
Dance Dance Revolution: Mario Mix 2005 Nintendo GameCube
Mario Superstar Baseball 2005 Nintendo GameCube
Mario Tennis: Power Tour 2005 Game Boy Advance
Mario Party Advance 2005 Game Boy Advance
Super Princess Peach 2005 Nintendo DS
Mario Kart Arcade GP 2005 Triforce
Mario Kart DS 2005 Nintendo DS
Mario Party 7 2005 Nintendo GameCube
Mario & Luigi: Partners in Time 2005 Nintendo DS
Super Mario Strikers 2005 Nintendo GameCube
Mario vs. Donkey Kong 2: March of the Minis 2006 Nintendo DS
Mario Hoops 3-on-3 2006 Nintendo DS
New Super Mario Bros. 2006 Nintendo DS
Mario Party 8 2007 Wii
Mario Strikers Charged 2007 Wii
Super Paper Mario 2007 Wii
Super Mario Galaxy 2007 Wii
Mario Kart Arcade GP 2 2007 Triforce
Mario Party DS 2007 Nintendo DS
Super Smash Bros. Brawl 2008 Wii
Mario Kart Wii 2008 Wii
Mario Super Sluggers 2008 Wii
Mario & Luigi: Bowser's Inside Story 2009 Nintendo DS
New Super Mario Bros. Wii 2009 Wii
Super Mario Galaxy 2 2010 Wii
Mario Sports Mix 2010 Wii
Super Mario 3D Land 2011 Nintendo 3DS
Mario Kart 7 2011 Nintendo 3DS
Mario Party 9 2012 Wii
New Super Mario Bros. 2 2012 Nintendo 3DS
Paper Mario: Sticker Star 2012 Nintendo 3DS
New Super Mario Bros. U 2012 Wii U
New Super Luigi U 2013 Wii U
Mario & Luigi: Dream Team 2013 Nintendo 3DS
Mario Party: Island Tour 2013 Nintendo 3DS
Super Mario 3D World 2013 Wii U
Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS 2014 Nintendo 3DS
Super Smash Bros. for Wii U 2014 Wii U

Names in other languages[edit | edit source]

Language Name Meaning
Japanese キノコ王国
Kinoko Ōkoku
Kinoko Ōkuni (anime)
Mushroom Kingdom

Spanish (NOA) Reino Champiñón (games)
Reino de los hongos (cartoon series)
Mushroom Kingdom
Fungi Kingdom
Spanish (NOE) Reino Champiñón (games and re-dub of TAOSMB3)
Reino/País de las setas (cartoon series)
Mushroom Kingdom
Mushroom Kingdom/Country
French Royaume des Champignons (early)
Royaume Champignon
Kingdom of Mushrooms
Mushroom Kingdom
Dutch Paddenstoelenrijk Mushrooms Kingdom (note that rijk refers to both Empire and kingdom)
German Königreich der Schwammerl (early translations)
Pilze-Wunderland (cartoon series)
Kingdom of Mushrooms (note that Schwammerl (mushroom) is a dialectal word in Bavarian German)
Mushroom Kingdom
Italian Regno dei Funghi Kingdom of Mushrooms
Portuguese Reino do Cogumelo (Super Mario World, New Super Mario Bros. 2)
Reino Cogumelo (Mario & Luigi: Dream Team)
Reino dos Cogumelos (rest of the series)
Mushroom Kingdom
Kingdom of the Mushroom
Mushroom Kingdom
Mushrooms' Kingdom
Korean 버섯 왕국
Beoseot Wangguk
Mushroom Kingdom
Chinese 蘑菇王国
Mógū Wángguó
Mushroom Kingdom

Trivia[edit | edit source]

  • The Mushroom Kingdom is almost always referred to with the word "the" in front of its name, although Super Mario RPG constantly referred to it simply as "Mushroom Kingdom".
  • In Nintendo Monopoly, there is a ? Block card that reads: "Save the Mushroom Kingdom. Advance to Mario."
  • In Super Mario Advance 4: Super Mario Bros. 3, the music for World-e Castle sounds very similar to Mushroom Kingdom's music from Super Mario RPG: Legend of the Seven Stars.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "'Look out below!' Luigi yells. He dives head first into the Central Pipe that sticks up from the floor of the Mario Bros. plumbing workshop. Tumbling through steamy darkness, he passes dripping faucets, hissing valves and the glowing red eyes of wayward alligators. In minutes, he plunges from the Brooklyn plumbing shop to the Mushroom Kingdom, deep below the surface of the Earth." - Leaping Lizards (Clyde Bosco). Page 1.
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