Mario Artist
Mario Artist cover.jpg
Mario Artist: Paint Studio (w/mouse) cover art
Genre(s)Graphics suite
Developer(s) Nintendo Entertainment Analysis and Development Technology Development Department
Nichimen Graphics
Software Creations
Publisher(s)Nintendo
Platform(s)64DD
Original release
  • JP: December 11, 1999

Mario Artist[lower-alpha 1] is an interoperable suite of three games and one Internet application for Nintendo 64: Paint Studio, Talent Studio, Polygon Studio, and Communication Kit. These flagship disks for the 64DD peripheral were developed to turn the game console into an Internet multimedia workstation. A bundle of the 64DD unit, software disks, hardware accessories, and the Randnet online service subscription package was released in Japan starting in December 1999.

Development was managed by Nintendo Entertainment Analysis and Development and Nintendo of America, in conjunction with two other independent development companies: Polygon Studio was developed by the professional 3D graphics software developer, Nichimen Graphics; and Paint Studio was developed by Software Creations of the UK.[1]

Titled Mario Paint 64 in development, Paint Studio was conceived as the sequel to Mario Paint (1992) for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System.[1][2][3][4][5][6] IGN called Talent Studio the 64DD's "killer app".[7]

Suite[edit | edit source]

Paint Studio[edit | edit source]

Screenshot from Paint Studio depicting an in-progress drawing of Pikachu

The Paint Studio package includes the Nintendo 64 mouse.

Mario Artist: Paint Studio,[lower-alpha 2] released on December 11, 1999, is a Mario-themed paint program. The user has a variety of brush sizes, textures, and stamps, with which to paint, draw, spray, sketch, and animate. The stock Nintendo-themed graphics include all 151 Red- and Blue-era Pokémon, Banjo-Kazooie, and Diddy Kong Racing characters.[8] Previously titled Mario Paint 64 in development,[9] Paint Studio has been described as the "direct follow-up"[3][4] and "spiritual successor"[5] to the Super Nintendo Entertainment System's Mario Paint, and as akin to an Adobe Photoshop for kids.[3][4]

On June 1, 1995, Nintendo of America commissioned the independent UK game studio Software Creations, soliciting a single design concept for "a sequel to Mario Paint in 3D for the N64". John Pickford initially pitched a 3D "living playground", where the user edits the attributes of premade models such as dinosaurs—playing with sizes, behaviors, aggression, speed, and texture design.[1][2] The project's working title was Creator,[1][3] then Mario Paint 64,[9] then Picture Maker[3][4][10] as demonstrated at Nintendo's Space World 1997 trade show in November 1997,[11] and then Mario Artist & Camera.[12][13] Software Creations reflected on political infighting between Nintendo's two sites: "eventually the Japanese took control and rejected many of the ideas which had been accepted enthusiastically by the Americans, steering the project in a different direction after John left Software Creations to form Zed Two, and throwing away loads of work."[2] The audio functionality was split out into Sound Studio, also known as Sound Maker at Nintendo's Space World 1997 trade show in November 1997 where it was mentioned but not shown. By 2000, development reportedly included "the most famous music producer in Japan, Tetsuya Komuro".[11] It was canceled.[10][13][2][14][15][16]

Published as a bundle with the Nintendo 64 Mouse, it is one of the two 64DD launch games on December 11, 1999 along with Doshin the Giant.[2] Utilizing the Nintendo 64 Capture Cassette cartridge (released later in a bundle with Talent Studio), the user can import images and movies from any NTSC video source such as video tape or a video camera. The Japanese version of the Game Boy Camera can import grayscale photographs via the Transfer Pak. The studio features a unique four player drawing mode. Minigames include a fly swatting game reminiscent of that in Mario Paint, and a game reminiscent of Pokémon Snap.[3][4]

Talent Studio[edit | edit source]

Mario Artist: Talent Studio,[lower-alpha 3] released on February 23, 2000, is bundled with the Nintendo 64 Capture Cartridge. Its working title was Talent Maker[10][13][6] as demonstrated at Nintendo's Space World 1997 trade show in November 1997.[11] It was described by designer Shigeru Miyamoto as "a newly reborn Mario Paint" upon a brief demonstration at the Game Developers Conference in March 1999 as his example of a fresh game concept.[6]

The game presents the player's character design as being a self-made television stage talent or celebrity.[14] It is a simple animation production studio which lets the user insert captured images such as human faces onto 3D models which had been made with Polygon Studio, dress up the models from an assortment of hundreds of clothes and accessories, and then animate the models with sound, music, and special effects. The player can connect an analog video source such as a VCR or camcorder to the Capture Cartridge and record movies on the Nintendo 64. A photograph of a person's face from a video source via the Capture Cassette or from the Game Boy Camera via the Transfer Pak, may be mapped onto the characters created in Polygon Studio and placed into movies created with Talent Studio.[13]

IGN describes Talent Studio as the 64DD's "killer app" with a graphical interface that's "so easy to use that anyone can figure it out after a few minutes", letting the user create "fashion shows, karate demonstrations, characters waiting outside a bathroom stall, and more" which feature the user's own face.[7] Those avatars can be imported into the completely separate 64DD game, SimCity 64.[8][17][18] Nintendo designer Yamashita Takayuki attributes his work on Talent Studio as having been foundational to his eventual work on the Mii.[19]:2

According to Shigeru Miyamoto, Talent Studio's direct descendant is a GameCube prototype called Stage Debut, using the Game Boy Advance's GameEye camera peripheral and linking to the GameCube via a cable, to map self-portraits of players onto their character models. It was publicly demonstrated with models of Miyamoto and eventual Nintendo president Satoru Iwata. Never having been released, its character design features became the Mii, the Mii Channel, and features of games such as Wii Tennis.[20][21]

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In my mind, it's still alive. There's a portion of the Stage Debut game, which essentially became the Miis and the Mii Channel. So if we were to ask the question of, what would we do if we were to make the Miis more realistic and lifelike, then that might turn into something more like Stage Debut. So, of course, we still have the staff who worked on that and it's something that is done, but in my mind it's something that's always alive.

— Shigeru Miyamoto, 2008[22]

Communication Kit[edit | edit source]

Mario Artist: Communication Kit,[lower-alpha 4] released on June 29, 2000,[23] is a utility application which allowed users to connect to the Net Studio of the now-defunct Randnet dialup service and online community for 64DD users. In Net Studio, it was possible to share creations made with Paint Studio, Talent Studio, or Polygon Studio, with other Randnet members. Other features included contests, and printing services available by online mail order for making custom 3D papercraft and postcards. The Randnet network service was launched and discontinued alongside the 64DD, running from December 1, 1999 to February 28, 2001.[citation needed]


The disk has content that may be unlocked and used in Paint Studio.

Polygon Studio[edit | edit source]

Mario Artist: Polygon Studio,[lower-alpha 5] released on August 29, 2000, is a 3D computer graphics editor that lets the user design and render 3D polygon images with a simple level of detail. It was originally announced as Polygon Maker at Nintendo's Space World '96 trade show,[10] demonstrated at Space World 1997 in November 1997,[11] and renamed to Polygon Studio at Space World '99.[13] The game was scheduled to be the final title in the original Starter Kit's mail order delivery of 64DD games, but it didn't arrive on time,[24] leading IGN to assume it was canceled until it was later released.[25] The Expansion Pak and the Nintendo 64 Mouse[26] are supported peripherals.

The idea of minigames was popularized generally during the Nintendo 64's fifth generation of video game consoles, and some early minigames appear in Polygon Studio in the style that would later be used in the WarioWare series of games. Certain minigames originated in Polygon Studio, as explained by Goro Abe of Nintendo R&D1's so-called Wario Ware All-Star Team:

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In Polygon Studio you could create 3D models and animate them in the game, but there was also a side game included inside. In this game you would have to play short games that came one after another. This is where the idea for Wario Ware came from.[8][27]:2

The art form of papercraft was implemented by modeling the characters in Polygon Studio and then utilizing Communication Kit to upload the data to Randnet's online printing service. The user finally cuts, folds, and pastes the resulting colored paper into a physically 3D figure.[8]

Unreleased[edit | edit source]

Reception[edit | edit source]

The Nintendo 64 with 64DD attached

Nintendo World Report described the Mario Artist series as a "spiritual successor to Mario Paint".[5] IGN collectively describes the Mario Artist suite as a layperson's analog to professional quality graphics development software. They state that the combination of the 64DD's mass writability and the Nintendo 64's 3D graphics allows Nintendo to "leave CD systems behind", by offering "something that couldn't be done on any other gaming console on the market" to people "who want to unleash their creative talents and perhaps learn a little bit about graphics design on the side".[14] The designer of Paint Studio, Software Creations, roughly estimates that 7,500 copies of that game may have been sold.[2]

Rating it at 8.2 ("Great") out of 10, IGN calls Talent Studio the 64DD's "killer app" with a graphical interface that's "so easy to use that anyone can figure it out after a few minutes",[7] and featuring "breathtaking motion-captured animation".[14]

IGN rated Paint Studio at 7.0 ("Good") out of 10. Peer Schneider described it as a powerful, affordable, and easy-to-use 2D and 3D content creation tool unmatched by other video game consoles, although minimally comparable to personal computer applications. He likens it to an edutainment version of Adobe Photoshop for children, and a good neophyte introduction to the Internet. He considers Paint Studio to embody Nintendo's originally highly ambitious plans for 64DD, and to thus suffer greatly due to the cancellation of most Paint Studio-integrated disk games and the application's incompatibility with cartridge-based games.[3][4]

Legacy[edit | edit source]

Polygon Studio contains some mini games, which appear in WarioWare games of future console generations.[27]

Talent Studio gave rise to an unreleased GameCube prototype called Stage Debut, which in turn yielded character design features which became the Mii, the Mii Channel, and features of other games such as Wii Tennis.[20][21][22]

See also[edit | edit source]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Japanese: マリオアーティスト Hepburn: Mario Ātisuto?
  2. Mario Artist: Paint Studio (マリオアーティスト ペイントスタジオ)
  3. Mario Artist: Talent Studio (マリオアーティスト タレントスタジオ)
  4. Mario Artist: Communication Kit (マリオアーティスト コミュニケーションキット)
  5. Mario Artist: Polygon Studio (マリオアーティスト ポリゴンスタジオ)

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Career timeline". Zee 3. Retrieved January 5, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 "Mario Artist: Paint Studio / Sound Studio". Zee-3 Digital Publishing. Retrieved January 5, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Schneider, Peer (August 22, 2000). "Mario Artist: Paint Studio (Import)". ign64. Archived from the original on March 30, 2001. Retrieved June 30, 2016.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 "Mario Artist: Paint Studio Review". IGN. Retrieved January 5, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Bivens, Danny (October 29, 2011). "Nintendo's Expansion Ports: Nintendo 64 Disk Drive". Nintendo World Report. Retrieved September 2, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 IGN Staff; Miyamoto, Shigeru (March 18, 1999). "GDC: Miyamoto Keynote Speech". Retrieved October 23, 2017.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 "Mario Artist: Talent Studio Review". IGN. Retrieved September 5, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 Fletcher, JC (Aug 28, 2008). "Virtually Overlooked: Mario Artist". Retrieved June 14, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. 9.0 9.1 Miyamoto, Shigeru (July 29, 1997). "Miyamoto Reveals Secrets: Fire Emblem, Mario Paint 64" (Interview). Interviewed by IGN staff. Archived from the original on April 17, 2001. Retrieved November 20, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 IGN Staff (January 29, 1998). "64DD: The Games". Retrieved January 25, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 Miyamoto, Shigeru (November 25, 1997). "Miyamoto Meets N64.com" (Interview). Interviewed by Peer Schneider and Douglass Perry. Retrieved August 6, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "64DD Makes an Appearance". IGN. May 13, 1999. Archived from the original on August 3, 2001. Retrieved November 20, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 Schneider, Peer (August 27, 1999). "Mario Artist: Talent Studio (Import)". IGN. Retrieved January 25, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 Schneider, Peer (November 21, 1997). "Mario Artist Series Leaves CD Systems Behind". IGN. Retrieved January 5, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. 15.0 15.1 Shigeru Miyamoto (January 29, 1999). "Sensei Speaks" (Interview). Interviewed by Peer Schneider; Matt Casamassina. Translated by Minagawa-san. IGN. Retrieved February 1, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 "Get Creative: Nintendo wants 64DD owners to create their own games". IGN. August 26, 1999. Archived from the original on August 22, 2001. Retrieved November 20, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "64DD English (Engrish) user document". 64DD Institute. Retrieved June 14, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. Mii Prototype Development History [From NES to Wii GCD 2007] on YouTube
  19. Eguchi, Katsuya; Ota, Keizo; Yamashita, Yoshikazu; Shimamura, Takayuki. "Wii Sports" (Interview). Interviewed by Satoru Iwata. Nintendo. Retrieved September 5, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. 20.0 20.1 "Stage Debut". IGN. Retrieved January 28, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. 21.0 21.1 Gantayat, Anoop (August 21, 2006). "Miyamoto Opens the Vault". IGN. Retrieved January 28, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. 22.0 22.1 Casamassina, Matt (July 15, 2008). "E3 2008: Stage Debut Update". IGN. Archived from the original on July 19, 2008. Retrieved July 20, 2019.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  23. "Mario Artist: Communication Kit". GameFAQs. Retrieved January 6, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  24. Schneider, Peer (February 9, 2001). "Everything About the 64DD". IGN. Retrieved June 12, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  25. "Polygon Studio Lives". IGN. June 26, 2000. Archived from the original on June 19, 2001. Retrieved November 21, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  26. "Nintendo Mouse". IGN. May 12, 1998. Archived from the original on April 23, 1999. Retrieved November 20, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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