The main characters of the Mario franchise. (left to right): Wario, Donkey Kong, Luigi, Peach, Mario, Toad, Daisy, Bowser, Yoshi, Boo, and Waluigi.

The Mario franchise is a series of video games developed and published by Nintendo that features an extensive cast of characters.

For the main characters that appear in Mario-adjacent franchises Donkey Kong and Wario, please refer to list of Donkey Kong characters and list of Wario characters.

Lead characters[edit | edit source]

Mario[edit | edit source]

Mario[lower-alpha 1] (English /ˈmɑri[unsupported input]ˈmær-/, Italian: [ˈmarjo]; voiced by Charles Martinet) is an Italian-American plumber and the lead character of the series who was introduced in 1981. Depicted as the hero of the franchise, Mario remains playable in most of the games and also appears in every Mario spin-off game including sports and kart racing. He is heroic, brave, polite, smart, and kind.

Luigi[edit | edit source]

Luigi[lower-alpha 2] (English /l[unsupported input]ˈi/, Italian: [luˈiːdʒi]; voiced by Charles Martinet) is an Italian-American plumber who is Mario's taller brother. He is playable in most of the Mario games. Unlike Mario, Luigi is optimistic, fun-loving, emotional, ambiverted, a bit clumsy, kind and sweet but is a bit cowardly and childish. However, he tries to stay brave in intense situations.

Luigi is the main protagonist of the Luigi series.

Princess Peach[edit | edit source]

Princess Peach[lower-alpha 3] (formerly known as Princess Toadstool outside Japan; voiced by Samantha Kelly), is the princess and the ruler of the Mushroom Kingdom[1] and the lead female character from the Mario series since her introduction in 1985. Peach is playable in most of the Mario games. She is sweet, kind, optimistic, cheery, and elegant.

Peach is the main protagonist of Princess Toadstool's Castle Run (1990) and Super Princess Peach (2006).

Peach is the interpret of the song "Go Go Mario!!", the lyrical version of the Super Mario Bros. theme released in 1986, which also appears in the vinyl album Mario No Daibouken[2][3]

Toad[edit | edit source]

Toad[lower-alpha 4] (voiced by Samantha Kelly) is a small mushroom-like humanoid character who is Princess Peach's attendant and a longtime protector of the Mushroom Kingdom. Toad can be a protagonist, a supporting character or a character in distress. He remains playable in most of the Mario games.

Toad is the protagonist of Wario's Woods.

Bowser[edit | edit source]

Bowser[lower-alpha 5] or King Koopa (voiced by Kenneth W. James) is the king and leader of the turtle-like race named Koopas[4]. Bowser is depicted as a powerful and evil Koopa who wants to take over the Mushroom Kingdom. He is Mario's nemesis and is the final boss of most Mario games. Bowser is playable in all Mario spin-off games.

Dry Bowser[lower-alpha 6] is a recurring antagonist in the Mario series. Debuting as a form of Bowser after losing his flesh in New Super Mario Bros., the character has appeared as his own being starting with Mario Kart Wii, often serving as the final antagonist in the main games. Dry Bowser also appears in Mario Party: Island Tour, and is a playable character in several of the Mario spin-off games.

Yoshi[edit | edit source]

Yoshi[lower-alpha 7] (English /ˈjʃi[unsupported input]ˈjɒʃi/; voiced by Kazumi Totaka) once romanized as Yossy, is a green and anthropomorphic dinosaur. He has a long tongue which can be used to eat various enemies, and can turn the enemies he eats into eggs that can be thrown. Yoshi helps his friends during various adventures by acting as a rideable character for the heroes, though he can also be playable. He is a playable character in most of the Mario spin-offs and stars in his own series.

Yoshi is the main protagonist of the Yoshi series

Protagonists[edit | edit source]

Princess Daisy[edit | edit source]

Princess Daisy[lower-alpha 8] (voiced by Deanna Mustard) is the princess and the ruler of Sarasaland[5] who first appeared in Super Mario Land. Depending on the game, she is depicted as a protagonist, a supporting character and on occasions as a lady in distress. Daisy is playable in most of the Mario spin-off games. Unlike Peach, Daisy is a tomboy and is spunky, sassy, feisty, and more energetic.

Daisy is the interpret of the song "Save Me (With Your Charm)" from the Super Mario Compact Disco album[6] by the band Ambassadors of Funk[7][8].

Rosalina[edit | edit source]

Rosalina[lower-alpha 9] (voiced by Laura Faye Smith) is a mysterious lady from an unknown location who is the adoptive mother of the Lumas.[9] She resides in the Comet Observatory and also the watcher of the cosmos in the Super Mario Galaxy games. Rosalina can be depicted as a supporting character or a protagonist. She is playable in most of the Mario spin-off games.

Donkey Kong[edit | edit source]

Donkey Kong[lower-alpha 10] (DK) (voiced by Takashi Nagasako) is an anthropomorphic gorilla from the franchise with the same name appearing in the Donkey Kong and Mario video game franchises. He is the leader (and first member) of the DK crew. Donkey Kong first appears in the arcade game Donkey Kong, in 1981 however, the modern incarnation of the character introduced in Donkey Kong Country is revealed to be the grandson of the arcade original character.[citation needed]

Diddy Kong[edit | edit source]

Diddy Kong[lower-alpha 11] (Diddy) (voiced by Katsumi Suzuki) is an anthropomorphic monkey from the Donkey Kong franchise, as well as Donkey Kong's nephew, sidekick and best friend appearing in the Donkey Kong and Mario video game franchises. Diddy is a British term meaning "little".

Diddy Kong is the main protagonist of Diddy Kong Racing and its DS remake.

Toadette[edit | edit source]

Toadette[lower-alpha 12] (voiced by Samantha Kelly) is a pink Toad girl who first appeared in the 2003 video game Mario Kart: Double Dash!! as a playable driver. Toadette has two long round pigtails and a dress to distinguish herself from Toad. Since Super Mario Odyssey, Toadette is a member of the Toad Brigade and has the role of an archivist.[10] In New Super Mario Bros. U Deluxe, Toadette can transform into Peachette, a form that highly resembles Princess Peach, with a power-up called the Super Crown. Depending on the game, Toadette is depicted as a supporting character or a protagonist and remains playable in most of the Mario spin-off games.

Birdo[edit | edit source]

Birdo, known in Japan as Catherine[lower-alpha 13], (voiced by Kazumi Totaka) is a pink, anthropomorphic creature who wears a red bow on her head, and has a round mouth that can fire eggs as projectiles. Birdo first appeared in Super Mario Bros. 2. Since then, She has been a recurring character in various franchise spin-offs and becomes Yoshi's partner. Birdo is playable in several Mario spin-offs.

Toadsworth[edit | edit source]

Toadsworth[lower-alpha 14] (voiced by Charles Martinet) is an elderly Toad and Princess Peach's longtime steward and caretaker, first appearing in Super Mario Sunshine, when he comes along with Princess Peach and Mario to Isle Delfino. He makes a brief appearance in Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga at the beginning (where he presents Mario and Luigi with a suitcase) and end of the game.

Paper Toadsworth accompanies Paper Princess Peach on her trip to Rogueport during Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door, keeping Paper Peach very close to him, but ends up losing her.

In Mario & Luigi: Partners in Time, he is with Mario and Luigi when Princess Peach takes an experimental trip back in time. He is also included in Super Princess Peach where he gives Peach a parasol named Perry in the cinema and is seen as a lead guitarist of the band called Peach Hit Five in the music room.

He also appears in Mario & Luigi: Bowser's Inside Story and its 3DS remake where he was inhaled by Bowser. In Mario & Luigi: Dream Team, Toadsworth appeared as the gang went on a vacation in Pi'illo Island. He does not appear in fifth game of Mario & Luigi: Paper Jam and completely absent from the game.

Toadsworth makes a brief appearance in Mario Kart: Double Dash!! when the player wins a cup in Grand Prix mode. He acts as an umpire in Mario Power Tennis for the GameCube as well as in the port for the Wii, in which Toadsworth reprimands the player when a foul shot is made. In Mario Party 7, he is a host of the boards. He finally becomes playable in both Mario Superstar Baseball and Mario Super Sluggers.

Captain Toad[edit | edit source]

Captain Toad[lower-alpha 15] (voiced by Samantha Kelly) is an explorer and the leader of the Toad Brigade who first appears in Super Mario Galaxy. He makes several apparitions within the Mario series, like in Super Mario Galaxy 2 or Super Mario Odyssey, where he can be seen traveling in the galaxy. Captain Toad is depicted as a treasure tracker who loves finding treasures.[11] He makes several cameos within Super Smash Bros. and made his Mario Kart debut in Mario Kart Tour as a playable racer.

Captain Toad is the main protagonist in the series of levels in Super Mario 3D World called Captain Toad's Adventures and in the game Captain Toad: Treasure Tracker.

Pauline[edit | edit source]

Pauline[lower-alpha 16] is the damsel in distress from the original Donkey Kong,[12] as well as the 1994 Game Boy game of the same name.[13] She also appeared in Mario vs. Donkey Kong 2: March of the Minis and Mario vs. Donkey Kong: Minis March Again!. Pauline was created by Shigeru Miyamoto and other developers for the 1981 arcade game Donkey Kong. She is the earliest example of a female with a speaking role in a video game, and is cited as a famous example of a damsel in distress in fiction.[14][15][16]

In the original Donkey Kong, she is held captive by Donkey Kong and it is Mario's objective to climb up the construction site and rescue her.[12] Along the way, the player can collect feminine articles (a hat, purse, and parasol) belonging to Pauline for bonus points. Originally, Pauline was known as Lady,[lower-alpha 17][17] and the game introduced her as Mario's girlfriend. The name Pauline was given after the then-girlfriend of Nintendo of America's warehouse manager, Don James.[18] Then it was used in licensed products after the game's release (including a collection of figures by Coleco[19] and a coloring book[20]), and was eventually used for the NES version of the game, although print ads for the Game & Watch version of the game referred to her as Louise.[21]

After Donkey Kong, Pauline made cameo appearances in two other NES games, Pinball and Famicom BASIC.[17] Princess Peach, introduced in Super Mario Bros., supplanted Pauline's original role as damsel in distress in the Mario games.

In the 1994 Game Boy version of Donkey Kong, Pauline was given a radically different design. While the original Pauline was portrayed as a blonde in a pink gown, this new version of the character was a brunette who wears a red dress.[17] Because of her different design, the Pauline in the Game Boy version of Donkey Kong was initially considered in certain Mario media a separate character from the original incarnation of the character (who was still known as Lady) featured in the arcade and Famicom versions, with the two versions of the character being given separate profiles in Shogakukan's 1994 Mario Character Encyclopedia book.[22] However, later games and sources (most notably the Japanese version of Super Smash Bros. for Wii U and Nintendo 3DS) acknowledge that Pauline and Lady are meant to be the same character.[23]

She then officially returns in Mario vs. Donkey Kong 2: March of the Minis, using the same character design as in the remake. She is a guest VIP at the grand opening of the "Super Mini Mario World", a theme park based on Mini-Mario toys, where she is kidnapped by Donkey Kong. She also appears in Mario vs. Donkey Kong: Minis March Again! for the DSiWare, and Mario vs. Donkey Kong: Mini-Land Mayhem! for the DS, where she is once again kidnapped by Donkey Kong.

Pauline returns in Super Mario Odyssey on the Nintendo Switch voiced by Kate Higgins. She serves as the mayor of New Donk City[24][25] and is a supporting character, helping Mario with his quest. Yoshiaki Koizumi, the producer for the game, told Polygon that she was the one singing the game's theme song, "Jump Up, Super Star!", noting "As we were developing Pauline more as a character, we know that she was going to be interested in jazz...It was interesting for us to have the first song in a Mario game with vocals."[26]

Kate Higgins performed the song "Jump Up, Super Star" during the 2017 Game Awards ceremony.[27][28][29]

Pauline is the singer of the band "The Super Mario Players" which interprets "Jump Up, Super Star" and "Break Free (Lead The Way)", both performed by her voice actress: Kate Higgins.[30][31][32]

In March 2019, Pauline made her first playable debut in Mario Tennis Aces, and is unlocked by participating in an Online Tournament.[33] In September 2019, Pauline made her playable debut in the Mario Kart series in Mario Kart Tour, and was unlocked by trading in the in-game currency “Rubies” for “Pipe Pulls” during the New York Tour.[34]

Antagonists[edit | edit source]

Wario[edit | edit source]

Wario[lower-alpha 18] (English /ˈwɑːri[unsupported input]ˈwær-/; voiced by Charles Martinet) is an overweight, muscular, hot-tempered, and greedy man. He is Mario's yellow-and-purple clad arch-rival. Depending on the game, Wario can be a protagonist but is mostly depicted as an antagonist. Wario is playable in most of the Mario spin-off games where he can be seen as Waluigi's partner. His favorite food is garlic and loves money. His name is portmanteau of "warui", the Japanese word for "bad", and "Mario".

Wario is the protagonist of the Wario series of games. He even is the president of WarioWare Inc.

Waluigi[edit | edit source]

Waluigi[lower-alpha 19] (English /ˌwɑːl[unsupported input]ˈi/; voiced by Charles Martinet) is a tall, thin and mischievous man who was introduced in Mario Tennis as Wario's partner. He is Luigi's black-and-purple clad arch-rival. Waluigi is often depicted as an antagonist who teams up with Wario to accomplish their schemes. He is playable in most of the Mario spin-off games and makes several cameos within the Super Smash Bros. series.

Bowser Jr.[edit | edit source]

Bowser Jr. (known as Koopa Jr. [lower-alpha 20] in Japan; voiced by Caety Sagoian), or sometimes simply Jr. or Junior, is the son of Bowser who first appeared in the 2002 game Super Mario Sunshine. He is often depicted as the secondary antagonist throughout the Mario series. Bowser Jr. looks up to his dad and shares his ambition to defeat Mario and take over the Mushroom Kingdom. Bowser Jr. is playable in most of the spin-off Mario titles as well as Super Smash Bros..

Bowser Jr. is the main protagonist of Bowser Jr.'s Journey (2018) included in the remake of Mario & Luigi: Bowser's Inside Story.

Koopalings[edit | edit source]

The Koopalings[lower-alpha 21] are seven siblings who first appeared as boss characters in the 1988 game Super Mario Bros. 3. Their individual names are Iggy, Larry, Lemmy, Ludwig, Morton, Roy, and Wendy. They were originally depicted as the children of the series antagonist Bowser and later to be referred as his minions. They have since appeared in subsequent Super Mario games, spin-off Mario titles and the Super Smash Bros. series.

Kamek[edit | edit source]

Kamek[lower-alpha 22] (English /kəˈmɛk[unsupported input]ˈkæmɪk/; voiced by Atsushi Masaki) is a Magikoopa who acts as Bowser's caretaker during his childhood and one of his high-ranking minions afterwards. He is from the Yoshi series. He can perform various feats of magic, such as self-duplication, teleportation, shooting magical blasts, and changing the size of other creatures. In Japan, the character shares his name with his species, Kamek (which are known outside Japan as Magikoopas), which can lead to confusion surrounding his appearances. This will sometimes lead to a literal translation, as in Super Princess Peach where a boss is described as "A Kamek made huge by magic." Some Japanese sources such as the guide for Super Mario Advance 3: Yoshi's Island call him "Fang" to distinguish him from regular Magikoopas.

Boom Boom[edit | edit source]

Boom Boom[lower-alpha 23] is Pom Pom's partner, male counterpart and faithful minion of Bowser. He first appeared in Super Mario Bros. 3 where he often fights with Mario or Luigi by chasing him flailing his arms, jumping high and flying at them. In Super Mario 3D World, he would attack by swinging his arms toward your character and turned invisible often. Since then, Boom Boom is playable in several Mario spin-off games.

Pom Pom[edit | edit source]

Pom Pom[lower-alpha 24] is Boom Boom's partner, female counterpart, and faithful minion of Bowser. She first appeared in Super Mario 3D Land. where she serves as an Airship boss and flips around the arena, throwing boomerangs with pink bows on them at Mario or Luigi. In the game's seventh world, she fights alongside her partner Boom Boom. Pom Pom is depicted as malicious towards the player, though she is seen winking in a flirty way before every battle. She returned in Super Mario 3D World, though her boomerang appears to be replaced by some sort of shuriken.

Since then, Pom Pom is playable in several Mario spin-off games, including Super Mario Party.[35]

King Boo[edit | edit source]

King Boo[lower-alpha 25] is the king, leader of the Boos and the main antagonist in the Luigi's Mansion series. He plays minor roles in various other Mario games, including the Mario Kart and Mario Party series. King Boo's first major debuted role was as the final boss of Luigi's Mansion, where he disguised himself as Bowser.

He is much larger than the average Boos that appear in games after Luigi's Mansion. He dons a crown with a large ruby (as well as glowing, sunken eyes) in his appearances in the Luigi's Mansion franchise, as well as an appearance as a playable character in Mario Kart Tour, but he wears a regular crown and has the eyes and face of a regular Boo in all other appearances. Previously, a similar character named Big Boo appeared as an enemy in Super Mario World and as a boss in Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island and Super Mario 64 DS. King Boo is a playable character in several of the Mario spin-off games including Mario Kart.

Supporting protagonists[edit | edit source]

Baby Luma/Lumas[edit | edit source]

Baby Luma[lower-alpha 26] is Mario's main companion in Super Mario Galaxy and its sequel Super Mario Galaxy 2. He is among a group of star-shaped beings known as Lumas, who appear in both games.

In Super Mario Galaxy, Baby Luma first finds Mario sleeping in the planet that houses the Gateway to the Starry Sky after he has been blasted out of the Mushroom World, and joins him at the request of Rosalina, aiding him in his quest to rescue Princess Peach from Bowser by allowing him to use the "Spin" move, which he can use to break crystals, attack enemies and further his jumps, among other things. In the ending of the game, Baby Luma sacrifices his life along his brethren to save the universe from a black hole. There are other Lumas called hungry Lumas that requires the player to feed them star bits or coins (in Super Mario Galaxy 2). Once you feed them the required amount they will turn into launch stars.

In Super Mario Galaxy 2, Baby Luma is found by Mario while he was on his way to Princess Peach's Castle and they join forces to rescue the town from a new attack by Bowser, only to be sent out in a new adventure. In this game Baby Luma often receives messages from Rosalina, who remains anonymous for most of the game. He is also called Young Master Luma by other Lumas.

Cappy[edit | edit source]

Cappy[lower-alpha 27] is the secondary protagonist in Super Mario Odyssey. Cappy is a Bonneter who meets Mario in the Cap Kingdom, when he pleas for Mario to assist him in rescuing his little sister Tiara. Cappy has the ability to possess enemies and other creatures, allowing Mario to take control of them for periods of time.

Cappy appears in Super Smash Bros. Ultimate as Mario's side taunt and a Spirit. He quickly throws Cappy and returns it to his head similar to in Super Mario Odyssey.

Tiara[edit | edit source]

Tiara[lower-alpha 28] is the secondary damsel in distress in Super Mario Odyssey. She is the sister of Cappy, who is kidnapped by Bowser as a gift to Princess Peach to wear on their wedding day. Afterwards, she and Princess Peach travel together to kingdoms.

Perry[edit | edit source]

Perry[lower-alpha 29] is a magical talking parasol who appears in the game Super Princess Peach. With his magical abilities, he helps Princess Peach to save her friends from Bowser. Erstwhile, Perry was a young boy with magical powers who lived with an old man who adopted and took care of him. During a walk with his adoptive parent, he was turned into an umbrella by a mysterious stranger and the two were separated. He was later found by Toadsworth.

Perry appears as a sticker and a trophy in Super Smash Bros. Brawl and as a spirit in Super Smash Bros. Ultimate. He makes a cameo in Densetsu no Stafy 4.

Honey Queen[edit | edit source]

Honey Queen[lower-alpha 30] is the queen of all the Honeybees. She is an extremely large bee and always speaks using nosism. She appears in Super Mario Galaxy and Super Mario Galaxy 2 where she rules over all the Honeybees in the Honeyhive, Honeybloom, and Honeyhop Galaxies, and as a heavyweight unlockable driver in Mario Kart 7.

She also appeared in Super Smash Bros. Ultimate as a spirit.

Dorrie[edit | edit source]

Dorrie[lower-alpha 31] is a large, friendly swimming blue reptile who debuted in Super Mario 64. He helps Mario, Luigi, Wario, and Yoshi ride across water or reach higher areas. Super Mario Odyssey explicitly refers to Dorries as a species and it features two additional Dorries, one violet, and one yellow. In terms of design, Dorrie has a few elements in common with Yoshis, such as the white area of soft tissue spanning the whole lower part of the body and a similar round face that, since Super Mario 64 DS, even features a placement of the eyes and nostrils akin to that seen in Yoshis.

Dorrie returns in New Super Mario Bros. and appears in two sizes. Mario can ride on his back to cross large bodies of poison in World 4-1 and World 4-6. If Mario does a Ground Pound on Dorrie, he moves faster through the water.

Plessie[edit | edit source]

Plessie[lower-alpha 32] is a friendly character resembling a dinosaur that appeared in Super Mario 3D World. In the game, it allows the playable characters to ride him through certain levels.

Plessie appears in Super Smash Bros. Ultimate as a support spirit.

Poochy[edit | edit source]

Poochy[lower-alpha 33] is Yoshi's pet dog. Poochy does not have any ears or a nose, and he has big lips. Poochy is a good swimmer and can sniff out hidden items for Yoshi. Poochy can also do things that Yoshi cannot, such as crossing over dangerous terrain (like spikes), and jumping over walls to give Yoshi a boost out of his wall jumps. Poochy's first appearance was in Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island.

Professor E. Gadd[edit | edit source]

Professor Elvin Gadd (Professor Oya Mā[lower-alpha 34] in Japan; voiced by Kazumi Totaka), more commonly known as E. Gadd, is a scientist who, with his various inventions, helps Luigi save his brother Mario and the mansion. His name is a pun on the Japanese interjection Oyamā![lower-alpha 35], meaning "Good heavens!" His name is also inspired by Nintendo game designer Yoshiyuki Oyama.[36] The English translations accordingly adapted the name to a pun on the expression "egad"! His first appearance was in Luigi's Mansion for Nintendo GameCube, in which he investigates a haunted mansion that mysteriously appeared by his laboratory. To help him study the ghosts in the mansion, he uses the "Poltergust 3000", a high-powered vacuum cleaner that can suck in and capture ghosts, and the "Game Boy Horror", an invention for tracking and detecting objects such as Boos. He lends it to Luigi and helps him on his quest.

Gadd reprises his supporting role in Luigi's Mansion: Dark Moon in a remodeled lab to assist Luigi again with his "Poltergust 5000" and a "Dual Scream", which replaces the Game Boy Horror. The Nintendo 3DS remake of the original Luigi’s Mansion introduces a new invention: a lime-green doppelgänger of Luigi, called "Gooigi", which can be brought along as a partner in local co-op play.

In the third installment, Luigi's Mansion 3, E. Gadd provides Luigi with a new Poltergust model, the "Poltergust G-00", which has Gooigi stored inside it, as well as a "Virtual Boo", which replaces both the Game Boy Horror and Dual Scream. Luigi rescues him at the time when his friends were captured by Hellen Gravely at a hotel called The Last Resort.

He is mentioned in Super Mario Sunshine but not seen, but his inventions, a Flash Liquidizer Ultra Dousing Device or F.L.U.D.D. and Magic Brush, are used by Mario and Bowser Jr. respectively. E. Gadd creates a Time Machine in Mario & Luigi: Partners in Time and various inventions as rewards for making bean coffees at the Starbeans Cafe in Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga and its 3DS remake. In Mario Party 6, E. Gadd is featured on a party board called E. Gadd's Garage.

Super Mario Maker features E. Gadd as an unlockable Mystery Mushroom costume, made available through an update.

Nabbit[edit | edit source]

Nabbit[lower-alpha 36] is a purple rabbit-like thief with round eyes, long ears, and black limbs. He also wears a white handkerchief with a drawing of a large mouth with sharpened teeth, similar to Bowser Jr.'s mask (though despite this he does not work for Bowser), as well as orange shoes and white gloves.who first appears in New Super Mario Bros. U, where he steals items from Toad Houses and the Mario Bros. have to chase him through various levels to capture him and get them back. He's the main source of P-Acorn power-ups, making it worth the player's time to catch him. In New Super Luigi U, he's promoted to Playable as the fourth character available for multiplayer. He returned to New Super Mario Bros. U Deluxe as a fifth playable character along with Toadette, Luigi, Toad and Mario. He is also playable in Bowser Jr.'s Journey. Nabbit also appears as a stage hazard in the Mushroom Kingdom U stage throughout the Super Smash Bros. series.

Sprixie Princesses[edit | edit source]

The Sprixie Princesses[lower-alpha 37] are the rulers of the Sprixie Kingdom and the Sprixies, a race of fairies debuting in Super Mario 3D World. The green Sprixie Princess refers to the others as her followers, and serves as the game's narrator. Each Sprixie Princess is guarded in one of the first seven worlds' castles, and defeating each boss will release each imprisoned Sprixie. When rescued, the Sprixie Princess graciously reveals the path to the next world, and ultimately unlocks a new set of final worlds.

The green Sprixie Princess is also playable in Mario Tennis: Ultra Smash.

Toad Brigade[edit | edit source]

The Toad Brigade[lower-alpha 38] is a group of five Toads that aid Mario through some games, starting with Super Mario Galaxy. They are led by Captain Toad. Later the group would expand to include Toadette, bringing the membership up to six. The members consist of Captain Toad, Toadette, Hint Toad (blue), Yellow Toad, Banktoad (green), and Mailtoad (magenta).

Supporting antagonists[edit | edit source]

Broodals[edit | edit source]

The Broodals[lower-alpha 39] are a group of villainous anthropomorphic rabbits who double as wedding planners in Super Mario Odyssey. They were hired by Bowser in order to stop Mario from reaching him.

Madame Broode[lower-alpha 40] is the leader who attacks Mario with her golden pet Chain Chomp, referred to as Chain Chompikins. Topper is a squat green hat-wearing rabbit who is the field leader of the Broodals, specializing in client relations. Hariet is a female who uses bombs as a pyrotechnics expert. Rango is a tall and lanky Broodal with a yellow hat, and serving as the group's bouncer. Spewart is a poison-spewing Broodal in a blue hat who is the group's entertainer. RoboBrood is a giant robot that is piloted by the four Broodals.

Draggadon[edit | edit source]

Draggadons[lower-alpha 41] are dragons first appearing in the game Captain Toad: Treasure Tracker.

Cackletta[edit | edit source]

Cackletta[lower-alpha 42] is the main antagonist in Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga and its 3DS remake. She is an evil sorceress who takes the Beanstar and Peach's voice in the Beanbean Kingdom. After sustaining heavy injuries, she controls Bowser's body and dies after the explosion of Bowser's castle.

Fawful[edit | edit source]

Fawful[lower-alpha 43] is a recurring antagonist in the Mario & Luigi series. The character is considered to be "insane", often serving as or the sidekick to the main antagonist in the games.

Petey Piranha[edit | edit source]

Petey Piranha, known as Boss Pakkun[lower-alpha 44] in Japan,[37] is a large, powerful Piranha Plant, and the result of a mutation. Whereas normal Piranha Plants usually grow from pipes, Petey's leaves and roots have grown into foot-like and arm-like appendages, which allows him to use objects such as tennis rackets and golf clubs. He can also use his leaves to fly around in the air. He first appeared as the primary boss of Bianco Hills in the game Super Mario Sunshine. He has since appeared as a boss or a playable character in several Mario games and spin-off games.

Foreman Spike[edit | edit source]

Foreman Spike[lower-alpha 45] is the angry foreman of the construction site where Mario and Luigi worked in Wrecking Crew. Rather than help them, Spike continuously tried to hinder the brothers from doing their job. He is a bearded villain who always wears sunglasses, although in Wrecking Crew '98, he did not have a beard.

Kammy Koopa[edit | edit source]

Kammy Koopa[lower-alpha 46] is an elderly Magikoopa who acts as an advisor and babysitter for Bowser in the first two Paper Mario games. She possesses the usual Magikoopa powers, and is primarily distinguished by her ability to summon yellow blocks, which she has used to both impede and combat Mario. She first appeared in Paper Mario for the Nintendo 64, helping Bowser by leaving enemies in Mario's way, transporting Bowser into the Star Spirit Sanctuary, and augmenting his size and power in the final battle. After being defeated by the Star Kid, Twink, she continued to work for him. In Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door, she acted as Bowser's second-in-command. Generally, her position is very similar with Kamek who appeared earlier than her, which possibly means why she is replaced by him in Paper Mario: Sticker Star. IGN rated her as one of the weirdest Mario characters.[38]

King Bob-omb[edit | edit source]

King Bob-omb[lower-alpha 47] is the king of the Bob-ombs. He is mostly recognized for being the first boss fought in the game Super Mario 64 and its remake. Guarding the Power Star, which Bowser entrusted him with, he does not give it up without fighting the player. After his debut, King Bob-omb became a recurring boss in later games, specifically spin-off games such as Mario Party 9 and Mario & Luigi: Paper Jam. King Bob-omb, like other certain bosses, takes pride in his royal status.

Koopa Kids[edit | edit source]

Koopa Kids[lower-alpha 48] (also known as Baby Bowsers) are the minions of Bowser who have only appeared in the Mario Party series. They appeared in the first seven installments (as well as Mario Party Advance) as major antagonists in the story modes. In the first three games, they are known as Baby Bowsers. A playable Koopa Kid appears in Mario Party 5 and 6.

Reznor[edit | edit source]

Reznor[lower-alpha 49] are four fire-breathing dinosaurs that made their debut in Super Mario World. According to the game's instruction manual, they were cursed by Bowser. They are mid-bosses that Mario and Luigi fight in fortresses found everywhere on Dinosaur Land. They are now found in the Mushroom Kingdom since their appearance in New Super Mario Bros. 2. Similar to how the Koopalings are named after various musicians, Reznor are named after Trent Reznor of the industrial rock band Nine Inch Nails.

Tatanga[edit | edit source]

Tatanga[lower-alpha 50] is an alien villain. His first appearance is in Super Mario Land on the Game Boy. In the game, he invades Sarasaland and kidnaps Princess Daisy in his spaceship.

Wart[edit | edit source]

Wart[lower-alpha 51] is an anthropomorphic frog king who debuted in 1987's Yume Kōjō: Doki Doki Panic. The game was converted into 1988's Super Mario Bros. 2 for its North American release. In both versions, Wart creates his own monsters with a device known as the "Dream Machine," appoints himself ruler of the land of Subcon, and enslaves its inhabitants. He has a severe weakness to vegetables.[39] Wart also made a cameo appearance in The Legend of Zelda: Link's Awakening with his original Japanese name.[40]

Wingo[edit | edit source]

Wingo[lower-alpha 52] is the main antagonist in Captain Toad: Treasure Tracker. According to game director Shinya Hiratake, Wingo was based upon both crows, a species of bird stereotypically depicted as interested in shiny objects.[citation needed]

He is first seen stealing a Power Star from Captain Toad and Toadette, and flies away while Toadette holds on to the star, thus capturing her.

Recurring enemies[edit | edit source]

Throughout their adventures, Mario and his friends face a number of enemies including these:

  • Angry Sun - A sentient Sun which tries to burn Mario by swooping down at him. In Super Mario Maker 2, there is a moon variant of this enemy which appears in the night theme and defeats all enemies when Mario touches it.
  • Blooper - A sentry-like squid that tries to corner and close in on its prey. Some Bloopers, known as Blooper Nannies, have smaller versions of themselves and will thrust them toward Mario.[41]
  • Bob-omb - A bomb enemy introduced in Super Mario Bros. 2 with a wind-up key and a fuse, which explodes after a set amount of time or when thrown.
  • Boo - A spherical ghost enemy introduced in Super Mario Bros. 3, which sneaks up on the player from behind while they are facing away from it. Inspired by a rage that Takashi Tezuka's wife went into after he came home from work late.[42]
  • Bullet Bill - A bullet with angry eyes and clenched fists that is shot out of a cannon called a "Bill Blaster". They have a larger counterpart with a shark-like face known as Banzai Bills.[41]
  • Buzzy Beetle - A black or blue beetle-like creature with a hard, fireproof shell that renders it immune to fire attacks.
  • Chain Chomp - A metallic ball-and-chain creature that lunges at Mario when he approaches it. Inspired by a childhood experience of Shigeru Miyamoto's with a violent dog.[43]
  • Cheep Cheep - A red, circular fish that made their first appearance in Super Mario Bros. They are found primarily in the water, but some can jump in an arc and fly within a limited range. There are many different species of Cheep-Cheeps, and they come in different colors, such as green, yellow, and purple. The giant variety of Cheep Cheep who leaps out of the water is known as Boss Bass (or alternatively Big Bass), while the giant variety who swims underwater is known as Big Bertha.
  • Dry Bones - A walking Koopa Troopa skeleton that reassembles itself after being hit. It can be only defeated by a Super Star, a Cape Feather, Super Leaf, and an Ice Flower.[41]
  • Fish Bone - A skeletal fish who charges at Mario when he gets close. It will break into parts if it collides with a wall.
  • Goomba - A sentient mushroom creature which is the first enemy that Mario typically encounters on his adventures. Implemented late in the development of Super Mario Bros. as a basic, easy-to-defeat enemy.[44] Variants of the Goomba may have wings, known as the Paragoomba, and similar creatures include the Galoomba, which flips over and can be thrown when stomped on, and the Goombrat, which turns at edges.
  • Hammer Bro - A type of helmet-wearing Koopa who throws hammers at Mario.[45] It has several variations that throw other projectiles, such as the Boomerang Bro and the Fire Bro, and a bigger variant known as a Sledge Bro which can stun Mario.[41]
  • Koopa Troopa - A foot soldier of Bowser. It retracts in its shell when stomped on, after which it can be used to attack other foes.[41] Variants of the Koopa may have wings, where it is known as the Koopa Paratroopa. There are many other varieties of the Koopa Troopa such as yellow, blue, and red.
  • Lakitu - A cloud-riding Koopa with aviator goggles that drops an endless supply of creatures called "Spinies".[41][46]
  • Lava Bubble - A fireball which jumps out of lava and can bounce off walls. It is also referred to as a Podoboo.
  • Magikoopa - A sorcerer Koopa capable of casting magic spells, turning blocks into foes, power-ups, and coins. It first appeared in Super Mario World. Often portrayed as underlings to Kamek.[41]
  • Mechakoopa - A robot with a wind-up key that becomes disabled and can be thrown when Mario stomps on it. A variant introduced in Super Mario Galaxy is capable of breathing fire.
  • Monty Mole - A mole-like enemy that burrows underground and springs out of the ground when the player gets close. A similar enemy known as the Rocky Wrench pops out of airship manholes and throws wrenches at the player.
  • Piranha Plant - A leafy, stalk-topped Venus flytrap with sharp teeth, that typically lives within pipes and tries to bite the player.[41] This enemy has made a cameo outside the franchise (in The Legend of Zelda: Link's Awakening),[47] and in 2019, it became a playable fighter in Super Smash Bros. Ultimate via downloadable content.[48] It was listed first in's list of the "Top 5 Enemy Plants" in video games.[49] It is occasionally referred to as a Packun Flower after the Japanese name. A Fire Piranha Plant, or a "Venus Fire Trap", behaves like a normal Piranha Plant, however it breathes fire. A type of Piranha Plant that appears in Super Mario Bros. 3 called Ptooie, a walking Piranha Plant that exhales air to lift a spiked ball.
  • Pokey - A spiked cactus with detachable green or yellow body segments which first appeared in the international Super Mario Bros. 2.[41]
  • Shy Guy - A timid masked creature wearing a robe, which comes in many different colors and variations. Introduced in the international Super Mario Bros. 2, but more commonly portrayed as an enemy to Yoshi since Yoshi's Island. Some variants include the Snifit, a Shy Guy with a cannon on its mask which it uses to fire bullets, and the Fly Guy, a Shy Guy with a propeller on its head that can fly.[41] Voiced by Nintendo of America localization manager Nate Bihldorff.[50]
  • Spike - A green Koopa creature that attacks with spiked balls which it throws out of its mouth. First appeared in Super Mario Bros. 3.[41]
  • Spike Top - A red wall-crawling beetle-like creature which combines the Buzzy Beetle's immunity to fire and the Spiny's immunity to being jumped on, although it can be spinned- jumped on.
  • Spiny - A red beetle-like creature that damages the player if touched from above. They are often thrown by Lakitus in unlimited supplies, but can also be found individually.
  • Thwomp - A large stone block with an angry face that is mainly encountered in castles. It attempts to crush the player, usually from above. There is a smaller variation of the Thwomp called a Thwimp.
  • Wiggler - A caterpillar enemy introduced in Super Mario World, which changes color and charges at the player when stomped on. Some Wigglers, known as Flutters, have butterfly wings.[41]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Japanese: マリオ Hepburn: Mario?, [maɾi.o]
  2. Japanese: ルイージ Hepburn: Ruīji?, [ɾɯ.iːʑi]
  3. Japanese: ピーチ姫 Hepburn: Pīchi-hime?, [piːtɕi̥ çime]
  4. Japanese: キノピオ Hepburn: Kinopio?
  5. Japanese: クッパ Hepburn: Kuppa?
  6. Japanese: ほねクッパ Hepburn: Hone Kuppa?
  7. Japanese: ヨッシー Hepburn: Yosshī?, [joɕɕiː]
  8. Japanese: デイジー姫 Hepburn: Deijī-hime?, [deːʑiː çime]
  9. Japanese: ロゼッタ Hepburn: Rosetta?
  10. Japanese: ドンキーコング Hepburn: Donkī Kongu?
  11. Japanese: ディディーコング Hepburn: Didī Kongu?
  12. Japanese: キノピコ Hepburn: Kinopiko?
  13. Japanese: キャサリン Hepburn: Kyasarin?
  14. Japanese: キノじい Hepburn: Kinojii?
  15. Japanese: キノピオ隊長 Hepburn: Kinopio Taichō?
  16. Japanese: ポリーン Hepburn: Porīn?
  17. Japanese: レディ Hepburn: Redi?
  18. Japanese: ワリオ Hepburn: Wario?, [ɰaɾi.o]
  19. Japanese: ワルイージ Hepburn: Waruīji?, [ɰaɾɯ.iːʑi]
  20. Japanese: クッパJr. Hepburn: Kuppa Junia?
  21. Japanese: コクッパ Hepburn: Kokuppa?
  22. Japanese: カメック Hepburn: Kamekku?
  23. Japanese: ブンブン Hepburn: Bunbun?
  24. Japanese: プンプン Hepburn: Punpun?
  25. Japanese: キングテレサ Hepburn: Kingu Teresa?
  26. Japanese: ベビィチコ Hepburn: Bebi Chiko?
  27. Japanese: キャッピー Hepburn: Kyappī?
  28. Japanese: ティアラ Hepburn: Tiara?
  29. Japanese: カッサー Hepburn: Kassā?
  30. Japanese: ハニークイーン Hepburn: Hanī Kuīn?
  31. Japanese: ドッシー Hepburn: Dosshī?
  32. Japanese: プレッシー Hepburn: Raidon?
  33. Japanese: ポチ Hepburn: Pochi?
  34. Japanese: オヤ・マー博士 Hepburn: Oya Mā Hakase?
  35. Japanese: おやまあ!?
  36. Japanese: トッテン Hepburn: Totten?
  37. Japanese: ようせい姫 Hepburn: Yōseihime?
  38. Japanese: キノピオ探検隊 Hepburn: Kinopio Tankentai?
  39. Japanese: ブルーダルズ Hepburn: Burūdaruzu?
  40. Japanese: マダム・ブルード Hepburn: Madame Broode?
  41. Japanese: ドラゴドン Hepburn: Doragodon?
  42. Japanese: ゲラゲモーナ Hepburn: Geragemōna?
  43. Japanese: ゲラコビッツ Hepburn: Gerakobittsu?
  44. Japanese: ボスパックン Hepburn: Bosu Pakkun?
  45. Japanese: ブラッキー Hepburn: Burakkī?
  46. Japanese: カメックババ Hepburn: Kamekkubaba?
  47. Japanese: ボムキング Hepburn: Bomu Kingu?
  48. Japanese: ミニクッパ Hepburn: Minikuppa?
  49. Japanese: ブイブイ Hepburn: Buibui?
  50. Japanese: 宇宙怪人タタンガ Hepburn: Uchū kaijin Tatanga?
  51. Japanese: マムー Hepburn: Mamū?
  52. Japanese: ウィンゴ Hepburn: Wingo?

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Learn more about Princess Peach!". Retrieved 2020-05-12. This princess in pink rules over the Mushroom Kingdom.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Lloyd, Brian. "Wait, the Super Mario Bros. theme song had lyrics?". Retrieved 2020-05-16. the song is credited to Princess Peach - that's the woman in the pink dress<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Super Mario Brothers - Mario No Daibouken (Mario's Big Adventure)". Discogs. Retrieved 2020-05-16. Track B performed by Princess Peach.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Super Mario Bros. Instruction Manual. Nintendo. 1985. pp. 14. ""Bowser, King of the Koopas"" 
  5. "Daisy amiibo Figure by Nintendo - Super Mario Series". 4 November 2016. Retrieved 2020-04-29. She's got a gown and a crown, but this friendly princess is totally down to earth. Daisy's always ready for a challenge, whether she's smashing tennis balls or jumping over hurdles. The ruler of Sarasaland loves the thrill of the chase, too—especially when she's zooming around on a kart.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Life, Nintendo (2017-11-13). "Random: Looking Back On That Time When Mario Gatecrashed The UK Music Charts". Nintendo Life. Retrieved 2020-05-16.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "The Better Princess: 15 Things You Never Knew About Daisy". TheGamer. 2017-07-02. Retrieved 2020-05-16.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Ambassadors Of Funk Featuring M.C.Mario* - Super Mario Compact Disco". Discogs. Retrieved 2020-05-16. Save Me (With Your Charm) [Princess Theme]<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Kohler, Chris (2009-06-12). "Miyamoto: Why I Spiked Mario Galaxy 2's Story". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028. ""a princess from outer space and her family of talking stars"" 
  10. Reseigh-Lincoln, Dom (2018-02-22). "Super Mario Odyssey - Talk to Toad at the Castle, Archivist Toadette achievements and what to do in Super Mario Odyssey's end game". Eurogamer. Retrieved 2020-05-06.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. McWhertor, Michael (2018-08-07). "Where Captain Toad: Treasure Tracker came from". Polygon. Retrieved 2020-04-29. "I really just want to make him someone that loves treasure and you can feel that from him,” Hiratake said. “I think honestly Captain Toad is someone that doesn’t really care what’s going on, but when he sees treasure he’s like, ‘I want it!’. “You know, I do question his loyalty to the Mushroom Kingdom a little bit. I think of him like a crow that loves shiny things or a moth to a flame. He just loves treasure so much that he can’t think about anything else — he’s just so happy finding treasure."—Game director Shinya Hiratake<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. 12.0 12.1 "Donkey Kong". IGN. Retrieved 2010-07-06.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "Donkey Kong". IGN. Retrieved 2010-07-06.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. Ray, Sheri Graner (2004). Gender inclusive game design ... - Google Books. ISBN 978-1-58450-239-5. Retrieved 2010-04-08. 
  15. Text technology: the journal of ... - Google Books. 2008-09-09. Retrieved 2010-04-08. 
  16. Lind, Rebecca Ann (2009-09-03). Race, gender, media: considering ... - Google Books. ISBN 978-0-205-34419-2. Retrieved 2010-04-08. 
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 "Pauline (Nintendo) Biography". IGN. Retrieved 2010-07-06.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. Nintendo (June 15, 2018). "Arcade Archives Gameplay - Nintendo Treehouse: Live - E3 2018" – via YouTube.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. Figurine of Pauline by Coleco
  21. Eric Caoili (September 16, 2007). "Promotional Consideration: Multi Screen". EndGadget.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. パーフェクト版 マリオキャラクター大事典. Shogakukan. November 20, 1994. p. 24. ISBN 4092590679. 
  23. Nintendo. 大乱闘スマッシュブラザーズ for Nintendo 3DS / Wii U (in Japanese). "名前がレディ? ポリーンじゃなくて? はい、ポリーンという名はゲームボーイ版から"
  24. Hilliard, Kyle (2017-06-13). "Super Mario Odyssey's Creators Don't Dismiss Guest Appearance From Donkey Kong". Game Informer. Retrieved 2017-06-13.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  25. Mulkerin, Tim (June 13, 2017). "Mayor Pauline in 'Super Mario Odyssey' has amazingly deep ties to Nintendo's legacy". Retrieved June 14, 2017. 
  26. Alexander, Julia (June 14, 2017). "Super Mario Odyssey producer explains why Pauline has returned". Polygon. Retrieved June 15, 2017. 
  27. Henderson, Jeremy (2018-07-16). "Meet Kate Higgins, the Auburn grad who's in your house". al. Retrieved 2020-05-14. What with that Auburn jazz degree, it was right up Kate's alley. She nailed it. Nintendo actually asked her to perform the song live at the 2017 Game Awards show last December in front of an army of fans in Mario hats.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  28. Frank, Allegra (2017-12-08). "The 7 most memorable moments of The Game Awards 2017". Polygon. Retrieved 2020-05-14. The best musical moment, though? A full performance of “Jump Up, Super Star,” the amazing theme song to Super Mario Odyssey.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  29. "Super Mario Odyssey Has Sold Over 10 Million Units Worldwide, Making It Best-Selling Switch Game". TheGamer. 2018-04-26. Retrieved 2020-05-14. 'Jump Up, Super Star!' was even performed by Kate Higgins, the song's English singer, at the 2017 Game Awards.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  30. "スーパーマリオ オデッセイ オリジナルサウンドトラック 2018年02月28日(水)発売!". Nintendo Switch スーパーマリオ オデッセイ オリジナルサウンドトラック (in Japanese). Retrieved 2020-05-08.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  31. "Super Mario Odyssey Soundtrack Now Available (Still Not As Good As Galaxy)". TheGamer. 2018-03-02. Retrieved 2020-05-08.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  32. "Super Mario Odyssey : l'album Sound Selection arrive le 22/12 sur iTunes, la bande originale complète disponible le 28/02". Retrieved 2020-05-08. "Nintendo vend déjà la chanson Jump Up, Super Star! composée par Naoto Kubo, interprétée par The Super Mario Players et Kate Davis / Kate Higgins [...] Les chansons sont interprétée par The Super Mario Players, Kate Higgins (pour la version anglaise de Jump Up, Super Star! et Break Free)".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  33. Wales, Matt (2019-02-28). "Pauline joins the Mario Tennis Aces line-up tomorrow". Eurogamer. Retrieved 2019-08-31.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  34. "Mario's Original Damsel-In-Distress Is Joining Mario Kart Tour: Here's How To Get Pauline". TheGamer. 2019-09-25. Retrieved 2019-10-05.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  35. Mozuch, Mo (2018-10-05). "'Super Mario Party' Character List: How to Unlock Pom Pom and Others". Newsweek. Archived from the original on 2018-10-05. Retrieved 2018-08-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  36. "Inside Zelda". Nintendo Power 201: 46–48. March 2006. 
  37. "MARIO KART - Double Dash!! The strongest character lineup of history". Nintendo. Retrieved 2008-07-06.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  38. Drake, Audrey. "Weirdest Mario Characters". IGN. Retrieved 18 September 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  39. Super Mario All-Stars instruction booklet. Nintendo. 
  40. "Top 20 Nintendo Cameos". GamesRadar. Archived from the original on 2014-05-04. Retrieved 2011-09-16.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  41. 41.00 41.01 41.02 41.03 41.04 41.05 41.06 41.07 41.08 41.09 41.10 41.11 Drake, Audrey. "Mario's Best Enemies". IGN. Retrieved September 9, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  42. Stuart, Keith (2010-09-13). "Super Mario Bros: 25 Mario facts for the 25th anniversary | Technology |". Guardian. Retrieved 2012-09-15.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  43. Sheff, David (1993). Game Over. Random House. ISBN 0-679-40469-4. 
  44. Eurogamer (7 September 2015). "Miyamoto on World 1-1: How Nintendo made Mario's most iconic level" – via YouTube.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  45. Chris Buffet (2008-10-03). "Top 25 Mario Enemies". GameDaily. p. 21. Archived from the original on 2008-10-07. Retrieved 2010-08-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  46. Chris Buffet (2008-10-03). "Top 25 Mario Enemies". GameDaily. p. 20. Archived from the original on 2008-10-07. Retrieved 2010-08-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  47. Caoili, Eric (June 22, 2007). "The plant has his time". Joystiq. Archived from the original on 2015-01-28. Retrieved 2011-02-04.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  48. Buckley, Sean; Jackson, Ryan. "Super Smash Bros. Ultimate: Piranha Plant DLC is Available Now". CNET. Retrieved April 13, 2019.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  49. Wolinsky, David (January 14, 2011). "Top 5 Enemy Plants". Archived from the original on November 5, 2016. Retrieved September 10, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  50. "Interview with Nate Bihldorff". Shinesparkers. February 23, 2011. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved June 11, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links[edit | edit source]

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.