Screenshot of homepage on May 27, 2011
Commercial? Yes
Type of site Fanfiction archive
Registration Optional
Owner Xing Li
Created by Xing Li
Launched October 15, 1998
Alexa rank 1,225 (October 2012)[1]
Current status Live

FanFiction.Net (often abbreviated as FF.Net or FFN) is an automated fan fiction archive site. It was founded in 1998[2] by Los Angeles computer programmer Xing Li, who also runs the site. As of 2010, FanFiction.Net is the largest and most popular fan fiction website in the world. It has nearly 2.2 million users and hosts stories in over 30 languages.[3]

The site is split into nine main categories: Anime/Manga, Books, Cartoons, Miscellaneous, Games, Comics, Movies, Plays/Musicals, and TV Shows. As of March 27, 2009, a new feature was added to the site - the Crossover categories. Users who complete the free registration process can submit their fan fiction, maintain a user profile, review other stories, apply for a beta reader position, contact each other via email or private messages, and maintain a list of favorite stories and authors. There are also centralized communities and forums.


Script error In 1998 Xing Li, a software designer in Los Angeles, created[4] The site was created as a repository for fan-created stories that revolved around characters from popular literature, television, comics, or real-world celebrities. Unlike other fan fiction sites, FanFiction.Net allowed stories about any characters rather than revolve around a specific set of characters, such as those from Naruto, Harry Potter or Kingdom Hearts. Registration was open to all people who claimed to be over 18, and by 2002 over 118,000 people were registered. (The age limit has since been moved down to 13.) At that time, one-third of the registrants self-identified as 18 or younger, and 80% were female.[2]

Site structureEdit

Writers may upload their stories to the site and assign them a category and rating (such as K, K+, T, and M). The ratings are no longer done on the MPAA system, due to cease-and-desist demands from the MPAA in 2005.[5] A list of explanations for the rating system currently employed is available from the drop-down rating menu in each of the individual archives on the site.[6] The MA (18+) rating is not permitted on this site.[7] The site does not pay money to people for posting content or charge money for posting on the website.[4] does not operate a screening or editorial board.[2] Many users leave short reviews after reading stories, most of which are positive.[4] While reviews can be left by those without accounts, it is an option for all writers on the site to moderate "anonymous reviews", made by those who are not signed into an account.

The stories are based on television series, films, video games, and music groups. Stories are about recent works and older works. By 2001, almost 100,000 stories were posted on the website. Steven Savage, a programmer who operated a column on, described it as "the adult version of when kids play at being TV characters" and that the content posted on the website serves as examples for "when people really care about something." A. S. Berman of USA Today said in 2001 that "reads like the 21st century successor to the poetry slams of the Beat Generation."[4] It is the most popular erotic website for women.[8]

In October 2008, the site underwent a major redesign of its admin/user area. Changes to how users check hits and reviews, post chapters, etc. were made. User opinions on the changes have been split.[citation needed]

Most popular sectionsEdit

As of October 27, 2012, the top 20 fandoms on the site (that is, the fandoms with the most stories submitted) are:

Rank Fandom Category # of stories
1 Harry Potter Books[9] 615,695
2 Naruto Anime/Manga[10] 313,948
3 Twilight Books 202,045
4 InuYasha Anime/Manga 105,173
5 Glee TV Shows[11] 82,588
6 Hetalia: Axis Powers Anime/Manga 72,262
7 Bleach Anime/Manga 68,311
8 Kingdom Hearts Games[12] 67,505
9 Supernatural TV Shows 67,348
10 Yu-Gi-Oh! Anime/Manga 60,875
11 Pokémon Games/Anime/Manga[13] 54,618
12 The Lord of the Rings Books 46,904
13 Buffy the Vampire Slayer TV Shows 44,861
15 Doctor Who TV Shows 41,747
14 Fullmetal Alchemist Anime/Manga 41,249
16 Gundam Wing/AC Anime/Manga 40,949
17 Dragon Ball Z Anime/Manga 38,152
18 Digimon Anime/Manga 37,773
19 Final Fantasy VII Games 37,304
20 Sailor Moon Anime/Manga 36,703

Additionally, the most popular fandoms in the categories not mentioned are (as of October 27, 2012):

Fandom Category # of stories
Avatar: The Last Airbender Cartoons[14] 34,127
Wrestling Miscellaneous[15] 31,581
Star Wars Movies[16] 29,169
X-Men Comics[17] 11,164
Screenplays Plays/Musicals[18] 7,706

Disallowed fanfiction and bansEdit

Copyright and trademark issuesEdit

FanFiction.Net instituted several policy changes as it grew in size and popularity.[19] These policies frequently led to the deletion of fanfiction based on the copyrighted works of certain published authors or contained specifically targeted content.

Since the site's founding, several professional authors and producers have asked that stories based on their copyrighted or trademarked works be removed, including Anne Rice, P. N. Elrod, Archie Comics, Dennis L. McKiernan, Irene Radford, J.R. Ward, Laurell K. Hamilton, Nora Roberts/J.D. Robb, Raymond Feist, Robin Hobb, Robin McKinley, and Terry Goodkind.[20]

In addition, stories based on real-life celebrities were disallowed around 2003. Fan fiction based on professional wrestling, however, is still allowed.[20]

NC-17 ratingsEdit

On September 12, 2002, FanFiction.Net banned and removed material that was rated NC-17. Prior to the new policy, the site would use a pop-up to prompt readers to say whether they were over 17 or not, but since then, the site has relied on its users to report stories that are inappropriately rated. Some NC-17 material was moved to, a similar site which was created to serve the adults who write R and NC-17 rated fan fiction.

Story titles and summaries must be rated K.[20]

CYOA (Choose-Your-Own-Adventure)/Insert-You ficsEdit

These have been banned since 2005, and the site removed all material that had the potential of inserting the reader into a fanfiction.


In 2005, banned songfics from being posted, due to potential legal action from copyright holders of lyrics. Public domain lyrics (such as those to "Amazing Grace" or lyrics written by the author of the fan fiction) are not directly addressed.


Until April 21, 2002, in addition to fiction stories based on existing characters, the site had a section devoted to lists, generally humor-related, for example "20 Ways to Dump Your Girlfriend,".


At first,'s server was accessible mainly only in the west and worked poorly, if at all, in other parts of the world. In late 2006, announcements were made of special web links designed for Europe and Asia. These were supposed to give other areas of the world a significant boost in server speed on the website.

In 2007, all three web links were combined under one worldwide link. In an announcement on the home page, it was stated that the site would go global that year.

Prior to the reorganizations of 2002, FanFiction.Net contained approximately 20% of English-language fanfiction.[21]

According to Hitwise, as of August 2007 FanFiction.Net comprised 34.7% of all traffic directed to sites in the Entertainment, Books and Writing category. For the week ending August 25, 2007, the site was ranked 159 out of over 1 million websites in terms of hits.[22]

FictionPressEdit's sister site,, contains over 1,000,000 original stories, poems, and plays. The site has a similar format and rules to, except that no fan fiction is allowed. Currently, there are more poems than stories.


  1. " Site Info". Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Buechner, Maryanne Murray (March 4, 2002), "Pop Fiction", Time Magazine,,9171,1001950,00.html, retrieved 2008-01-07 
  3. Search - (Click the Language (all) drop down menu to see the languages)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Berman, A.S. "Lame TV season? Write your own episodes online." USA Today. August 20, 2001. Retrieved on May 19, 2011.
  5. O'Connell, Pamela Licalzi (April 18, 2005). "Please Don't Call It a G-Rated Dispute". The New York Times. Retrieved May 20, 2011. 
  6. Fiction Ratings
  7. "Terms of Service". Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  8. Ogas, Ogi (2011-04-30). "The Online World of Female Desire". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 4, 2011. 
  9. Books -
  10. Anime/Manga -
  11. TV Shows -
  12. Games -
  13. Pokémon, a multimedia franchise, has considerably different universes between each media. They are, for the most part, held in the same world, but contain different storylines and characters, as well as certain settings unique to their universes. (e.g. Red, a notable protagonist in the franchise, appears in the video games and certain manga, but Ash Ketchum replaces him in the anime and other manga series.)
  14. Cartoons -
  15. Misc - - The miscellaneous category includes wrestling, crossovers (non-specific crossovers, specific crossovers towards one franchise, and specific crossovers between two supposedly similar franchises), mythology, web shows, radio dramas, Korean and Chinese comics; media that would be in the other major categories but are not popular enough to warrant their own section within those categories; and popular franchises that do not fit in the other major categories (such as Vocaloid software and machinema web series Red vs. Blue).
  16. Movies -
  17. Comics -
  18. Plays/Musicals -
  19. Privacy Policy -
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 Content Guidelines -
  21. Statistics
  22. Tancer, Bill (August 30, 2007), "Life after Potter, Bonanza, and Gunsmoke", Time Magazine,,8599,1657764,00.html, retrieved 2008-01-07 

External linksEdit

Script error Template:Wikinews

  • [[[:Template:Official website/http]] Official website] ([[[:Template:Official website/http]] Mobile])
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