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Curling is a precision sport similar to bowls , petanque and bocce , but played with heavy stones instead of metal (or plastic) balls on ice.

It is generally accepted that the sport in the 16th century Scotland was invented, although the painting Hunters in the Snow by Bruegel from 1565 depicting Dutch farmers who play the game.Curling as it is now played, is developed in Scotland (see Newtonmore Curling Club Hut ).

Curling became an official Olympic winter sport in 1998. World Championships there since 1957 for men and 1979 for women.

The international organization for curling, the World Curling Federation , is based in the Scottish Perth .

ContentEdit

 [ hide ] *1 Rules

Rules edit ]Edit

[1][2]The playing field, with CL:  Centre Line • HOL:  Hogline • TL:  Teeline • BL:  Backline • HA:  Hack Hacks • Line with FGZ:  Free Guard Zone[3][4]Curling Stones in the house[5][6]The player "throws" a stone[7][8]By sweeping the path of the stone impacted[9][10]Curling in 1909

A curling game is played by two teams of four players. The "captain" of the team, the skip, put the strategy to be followed and in consultation with the other players how the stones are to be played. Each team has eight stones, granite and 19.1 kg in weight with a handle. The curling rink (curling sheet) is an ice rink of approximately 42.5 m long and 4.3 m wide. Before the match is on the ice a fine spray of water droplets sprayed that aanvriest immediately. This facilitates the course of stone and give them a predictable path.

The competition consists of a number of "ends" (in competition 10 ends, ends 8 for juniors). In each end, the teams play and their eight rocks, each player has two stones, from one end of the curling rink to the "home" on the other side, which are the colored circles on the ice.

By giving a rotary motion when releasing a stone one can give the stone a slightly curved path. This rotation is called the curl of the stone (hence the name "curling"). The players from each team have a broom (generally with a rubbing block, not hair) to wipe the ice just before the stone and thus to influence the path of the stone and, if necessary, extend the stone.

The intention is that at the end of an end some stones own team closer to the middle of the house (the dolly) is the stone of the counterparty. For each stone that is closer to the dolly is the closest to the dolly lying stone of the opposing one gets a point. The colors of the circles have no meaning, they exist only to make it easier to see how stones are compared with the dolly.Draw does not exist in curling. If after 10 ends a tie, then an extra end played.

Strategy edit ]Edit

Strategy plays a big role in curling, so one can choose to make (a draw), its own stone in the house or an opponent's play away (a take-out), or a private home for the to lie to protect (a guard). thus an underlying stone house The first two stones of each batch may not be used on a stone lying on the house. For a take-out If this happens then the played stone away from the opponent must be replaced.

The team that gets to play the last stone (the hammer) always has an advantage, because the whole strategy states: "Give one and take two". This means that if one does not have the last stone, but one opponent to score more than one stone late (or, even better, self scores stone ("steals"), as they are themselves the last stone, then one or two tries to score more. At the start of the match is flipped to determine who in the first end, the last stone. Scores a team in one end, then that team the next end, the other team over the last few starts.

International competitions edit ]Edit

Olympics Edit ]Edit

Since the Games of 1998, curling an Olympic sport . Both men and women knew to 2006 every tournament another winner.

  • Men
Year Place Gold Silver Brass
1998 Nagano (Japan) [11]

Switzerland

[12]

Canada

[13]

Norway

2002 Salt Lake City (United States) [14]

Norway

[15]

Canada

[16]

Switzerland

2006 Turin (Italy) [17]

Canada

[18]

Finland

[19]

USA

2010 Vancouver (Canada) [20]

Canada

[21]

Norway

[22]

Switzerland

  • Women
Year Place Gold Silver Brass
1998 Nagano (Japan) [23]

Canada

[24]

Denmark

[25]

Sweden

2002 Salt Lake City (United States) [26]

Great Britain

[27]

Switzerland

[28]

Canada

2006 Turin (Italy) [29]

Sweden

[30]

Switzerland

[31]

Canada

2010 Vancouver (Canada) [32]

Sweden

[33]

Canada

[34]

China

World Championships edit ]Edit

The curling world championship will be held in the men since 1959 and in women since 1979. Both the men and women dominates Canada. Until 2007 they won 44 of the 78 editions (56%). See the list of world champions curling for a detailed overview of the world champions.

Curling in Belgium edit ]Edit

Curling in fiction edit ]Edit

In 2002, the Canadian sports film appeared Men with Brooms on a curling team.

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