|Foundation date||14, 2006|
|Headquarters||San Francisco, California, U.S.|
|Key people||Joanne Waage (GM)|
|Industry||Anime industry, anime, manga, drama, video on demand|
|Alexa rank||312 (104 in USA)|
|Type of site||Video streaming service|
45 million |
(2 million paying)
|Available in||English, Spanish, Portuguese, French, German, Arabic, Italian, Russian|
Crunchyroll is an American distributor, publisher, and licensing company focused on streaming anime, manga, and drama. Founded in 2006 by a group of University of California, Berkeley graduates, Crunchyroll's distribution channel and partnership program delivers content to over 35 million online community members worldwide. Crunchyroll is a subsidiary of Otter Media, which is a subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia. Crunchyroll has offices in San Francisco, Los Angeles, Chișinău and Tokyo, and is a member of the Association of Japanese Animations (AJA).
Crunchyroll offers over 900 anime shows, more than 200 Asian dramas to users, and 50 manga titles, although not all programming is available worldwide due to licensing restrictions. In February 2017, Crunchyroll passed one million paid subscribers. Crunchyroll also selects some anime titles for release on Blu-ray/DVD through its distribution partners (Funimation and Viz Media in North America, Anime Limited in the United Kingdom).
Crunchyroll started in 2006 as a for-profit video upload and streaming site that specialized in hosting East Asian video content. Some of the content hosted on Crunchyroll included fansubbed versions of East Asian shows.
In 2008, Crunchyroll secured a capital investment of $4.05 million from the venture capital firm Venrock. The investment drew criticism from anime distributors and licensors Bandai Entertainment and Funimation as the site continued to allow users to upload illegal copies of licensed titles.
However, Crunchyroll eventually began securing legal distribution agreements with companies, including Gonzo, for an increasing number of titles. On January 8, 2009, after announcing a deal with TV Tokyo to host episodes of Naruto Shippuden, Crunchyroll stated that it was committed to removing all copyright-infringing material from its site and to hosting only content to which it had legitimate distribution rights.
On October 30, 2013, Crunchyroll began digitally distributing 12 different manga titles from Kodansha – series such as Attack on Titan and Fairy Tail were part of the manga that were available initially – through Crunchyroll Manga.
On December 2, 2013, The Chernin Group, former News Corp. president Peter Chernin's holding company, announced that it has acquired a controlling interest in Crunchyroll. A person with knowledge of the transaction said the price for the acquisition was close to $100 million. The Chernin Group said that Crunchyroll management and existing investor TV Tokyo will maintain a "significant" stake in the company.
On April 22, 2014, AT&T and The Chernin Group announced the formation of a joint venture to acquire, invest in and launch over-the-top (OTT) video services. Both companies committed over $500 million in funding to the venture. The new company was named Otter Media and became the majority owner of Crunchyroll. On August 3, 2015, Variety reported that Otter Media will unveil Ellation, a new umbrella company for its subscription-based video services including Crunchyroll. Ellation's services included VRV, which debuted in 2016, a video streaming platform described as targeting "geeks, gamers and lovers of comedy, fantasy and technology."
On October 22, 2015, the Anime News Network reported that Crunchyroll has 700,000 paying subscribers. In addition, the company announced that Crunchyroll and Sumitomo Corporation had created a joint venture to produce and invest in anime productions.
On April 11, 2016, Crunchyroll and Kadokawa Corporation announced the formation of a strategic alliance that gave Crunchyroll exclusive worldwide digital distribution rights (excluding Asia) for Kadokawa anime titles in the upcoming year. It also granted Crunchyroll the right to co-finance Kadokawa anime titles to be produced in the future.
On July 1, 2016, Crunchyroll announced plans to dub and release a number of series on home video.
On September 8, 2016, Crunchyroll announced a partnership with Funimation. Crunchyroll will stream selected Funimation titles, while Funimation will stream selected Crunchyroll titles, as well as their upcoming dubbed content. In addition, Funimation and Universal Pictures Home Entertainment will act as distributors for Crunchyroll's home video catalog. On October 18, 2018, Funimation announced that their partnership with Crunchyroll has ended as a result of Sony Pictures Television's acquisition of Funimation and AT&T's acquisition of Crunchyroll's parent company Otter Media.
On November 4, 2017, a group of hackers managed to DNS hijack the official site for almost 6 hours. Users were redirected to a fake lookalike site which prompted users to download a ransomware under the guise of "CrunchyViewer". Crunchyroll has filed a first information report against the hackers.
In January 2018, Otter Media bought the remaining shares (20%) of Crunchyroll from TV Tokyo and other investors. In August 2018, AT&T acquired the remainder of Otter Media that it did not already own from Chernin Group; the company and Crunchyroll were thus folded under WarnerMedia (formerly Time Warner, of which AT&T had also recently completed an acquisition).
On March 4, 2019, it was announced that Otter Media would be placed under Warner Bros. as part of a reorganization. As a result of the same reorganization, the company and Crunchyroll became corporate sisters to the U.S. cable channels Cartoon Network and Adult Swim—which have been known for their television broadcasting of anime under the Toonami brand. Due to a subsequent reorganization, Crunchyroll was moved under WarnerMedia Entertainment (owner of networks such as TBS and TNT) in May 2019, so that its COO could oversee an upcoming entertainment streaming service from the brand.
On July 3, 2019, Crunchyroll announced that they had partnered with Viz Media to distribute select Crunchyroll licensed titles on home video and electronic sell-through in the United States and Canada.
With paid memberships, streaming to select Windows Phone devices (with OS 7.5 or higher), Roku devices, Boxee, Wii U, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, PlayStation Vita, Xbox 360 and Xbox One consoles, and Vizio, Google and Internet enabled televisions is available.
In June 2013 the service became available through Apple TV. It is also the last title for WiiWare released in October 2015. The service also has iOS and Android apps.
The Anime AwardsEdit
- Main article: Crunchyroll Anime Awards
The Anime Awards, also known as the Crunchyroll Anime Awards, are annual awards given to recognize anime from the previous year. The awards were first held in January 2017 and returned for 2018. Crunchyroll selects twenty judges from diverse backgrounds who then create a list of six nominees within each category. This list is then made available to the public for online voting to choose the winners.
In February 2017, Crunchyroll created the Crunchyroll Expo (CRX) anime convention with organizational support from Left Field Media. The inaugural Expo was held at the Santa Clara Convention Center on August 25–27, with team manager Dallas Middaugh noting much of the ticket sales came within ten days of the convention. Special guests for the Expo included The Fairly OddParents creator Butch Hartman, voice actors Shun Horie and Hiromi Igarashi, illustrator Yoshitaka Amano, figure skater Johnny Weir, manga artist Kore Yamazaki, and author Keiichi Sigsawa.
The Expo was moved to the San Jose McEnery Convention Center in 2018 on Labor Day weekend. The convention saw 45,000 in turnstile attendance. Among the guests for the convention were Dragon Quest creator Yuji Horii, voice actors Ryo Horikawa, Justin Briner, Luci Christian, Clifford Chapin and Colleen Clinkenbeard, and the staff of Darling in the Franxx.
Crunchyroll Expo 2019, also in San Jose, saw the premiere of the movie Black Fox and the Mob Psycho 100 II original video animation, while Toei Animation organized a screening of the movies Dragon Ball Z: Bardock – The Father of Goku and - Dragon Ball Z: Fusion Reborn. Among the guests invited were horror mangaka Junji Ito; 22/7 voice actors Sally Amaki, Kanae Shirosawa, and Ruri Umino; Food Wars!: Shokugeki no Soma writer Yūto Tsukuda and artist Shun Saeki; and staff members of Zombie Land Saga, including voice actors Kaede Hondo and Asami Tano, composer Yasuharu Takanashi, and MAPPA CEO Manabu Ohtsuka. Rock band Flow, whose songs have been featured in various anime as opening themes, held a concert on August 30.
- ↑ "Crunchyroll.com Site Info". Alexa Internet. https://www.alexa.com/siteinfo/crunchyroll.com. Retrieved 2019-06-28.
- ↑ "Crunchyroll Surpasses 2 Million Subscribers". Anime News Network. 2018-10-26. https://www.animenewsnetwork.com/daily-briefs/2018-10-26/crunchyroll-surpasses-2-million-subscribers/.138374. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
- ↑ "Crunchyroll CEO: Making Online Anime Pay". ICv2. 2008-12-15. http://www.icv2.com/articles/news/13922.html. Retrieved 2008-12-15.
- ↑ "AT&T Acquires Full Ownership of Otter Media". August 7, 2018. http://about.att.com/story/att_otter_media.html. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Largest Anime Streaming Service Crunchyroll Surpasses One Million Paid Subscribers". Crunchyroll. February 9, 2017. http://www.crunchyroll.com/anime-press-release/2017/02/09-1/largest-anime-streaming-service-crunchyroll-surpasses-one-million-paid-subscribers. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 Sevakis, Justin (February 13, 2017). "How Big Of A Deal Is Crunchyroll Reaching A Million Subscribers?". Anime News Network. http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/answerman/2017-02-13/.112174. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
- ↑ "Archived copy". http://www.crunchyroll.com/anime-news/2016/09/08/crunchyroll-and-funimation-partner-to-expand-access-to-anime. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
- ↑ NormanicGrav (December 24, 2017). "Anime Limited News: New Podcast Episode, Update on Stock, Xmas Sales Updates". http://animeuknews.net/2017/12/anime-limited-news-podcast-update-on-stock-xmas-sales/. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- ↑ "Video Site with Unauthorized Anime Gets US$4M Capital". Anime News Network. 2008-03-11. http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2008-03-11/video-site-with-unauthorized-anime-gets-us$4m-venture. Retrieved 2009-02-04.
- ↑ "Funimation, Bandai Entertainment Respond on Crunchyroll". Anime News Network. 2008-03-12. http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2008-03-12/funimation-responds-to-crunchyroll-us$4m-funding. Retrieved 2009-02-04.
- ↑ "TV Tokyo to Stream Naruto via Crunchyroll Worldwide". Anime News Network. 2008-11-17. http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2008-11-17/tv-tokyo-to-also-stream-naruto-through-crunchyroll. Retrieved 2009-02-04.
- ↑ "Crunchyroll Adds Shinkai's 5 Centimeters per Second DVD". Anime News Network. 2010-08-13. http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2010-08-13/crunchyroll-adds-shinkai-5-centimeters-per-second-dvd. Retrieved 2010-08-14.
- ↑ Marcias, Patrick. "It's Here! Crunchyroll Manga is Now Open!". Crunchyroll. http://www.crunchyroll.com/anime-news/2013/10/30/its-here-crunchyroll-manga-is-now-open. Retrieved 2015-10-15.
- ↑ Lieberman, David (2013-12-02). "Peter Chernin Takes Control Of Anime Provider Crunchyroll". http://www.deadline.com/2013/12/peter-chernin-takes-control-of-anime-provider-crunchyroll/.
- ↑ Glover, Ronald (2013-12-02). "Chernin buys anime site Crunchyroll to expand online video assets". Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/2013/12/02/us-chernin-crunchyroll-idUSBRE9B10X320131202.
- ↑ "The Chernin Group and AT&T Create New Venture to Acquire, Invest In and Launch Online Video Businesses". AT&T. 2014-04-22. http://about.att.com/story/the_chernin_group_and_att_create_new_venture_to_acquire_invest_in_and_launch_online_video_businesses.html. Retrieved 2016-04-12.
- ↑ Spangler, Todd (2014-07-14). "AT&T-Chernin Group’s Otter Media Online-Video Venture Acquires Creativebug for $10 Mil". Variety. https://variety.com/2014/digital/news/att-chernin-groups-otter-media-online-video-venture-acquires-creativebug-for-10-mil-1201261983/. Retrieved 2016-04-12.
- ↑ Roettgers, Janko (2015-08-03). "Chernin, AT&T Set Brand for New Online Video Venture: Ellation". Variety. https://variety.com/2015/digital/news/ellation-otter-media-att-peter-chernin-group-1201555464/. Retrieved 2016-04-12.
- ↑ Baumgartner, Jeff (2016-06-20). "Ellation Will Ride SVOD's Next Wave". Broadcasting & Cable: 18.
- ↑ "Crunchyroll, Sumitomo Announce Partnership to Create Company to Co-Produce Anime (Updated)". Anime News Network. http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2015-10-22/crunchyroll-sumitomo-announce-partnership-to-create-company-to-co-produce-anime/.94495. Retrieved 2015-12-14.
- ↑ "Crunchyroll & Sumitomo Join Forces to Create Anime Investment Joint Venture". Sumitomo Corporation. http://www.sumitomocorp.co.jp/english/news/detail/id=28990. Retrieved 2015-12-14.
- ↑ "Crunchyroll Partners With NBCUniversal Entertainment Japan to Co-Develop Anime" (in en). http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2017-07-12/crunchyroll-partners-with-nbcuniversal-entertainment-japan-to-co-develop-anime/.118652. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
- ↑ "Sumitomo, Crunchyroll's Parent Chernin Group Announce Strategic Partnership" (in en). http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2017-04-26/sumitomo-crunchyroll-parent-chernin-group-announce-strategic-partnership/.115315. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
- ↑ "Crunchyroll and KADOKAWA Enter into Strategic Alliance". Crunchyroll. 2016-04-11. http://www.crunchyroll.com/anime-press-release/2016/04/10/crunchyroll-and-kadokawa-enter-into-strategic-alliance. Retrieved 2016-04-12.
- ↑ "Crunchyroll To Dub, Release Anime on BD/DVD". Anime News Network. July 1, 2016. http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2016-07-01/crunchyroll-to-dub-release-anime-on-bd-dvd/.103876. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- ↑ "Crunchyroll, Funimation Announce Partnership to Share Content Via Streaming, Home Video, Est.". Anime News Network. September 8, 2016. http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2016-09-08/crunchyroll-funimation-announce-partnership-to-share-content-via-streaming-home-video-est/.106234. Retrieved September 9, 2016.
- ↑ "Funimation, Crunchyroll End Content Sharing Partnership". https://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2018-10-18/funimation-crunchyroll-end-content-sharing-partnership/.138330. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
- ↑ "Steam’s anime library gets better, thanks to Crunchyroll". Polygon. http://www.polygon.com/2017/3/31/15139174/anime-on-steam-crunchyroll. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
- ↑ "Steam Anime Sale 2017". http://store.steampowered.com/news/28487/. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
- ↑ Gach, Ethan. "Crunchyroll Website Currently Down Following Malware Attacks". https://kotaku.com/crunchyroll-website-currently-undergoing-problems-with-1820141343. Retrieved 4 November 2017.
- ↑ "Majority Owner Otter Media Buys Remaining Shares Of Fullscreen, Ellation - Tubefilter" (in en-US). Tubefilter. 2018-01-25. https://www.tubefilter.com/2018/01/25/otter-media-buys-remaining-shares-fullscreen-ellation/.
- ↑ Patrick Hipes (August 7, 2018). "AT&T Acquires Rest Of Otter Media To Fold Into New WarnerMedia". https://deadline.com/2018/08/otter-media-acquired-att-crunchyroll-fullscreen-rooster-teeth-1202441941/. Retrieved October 26, 2018.
- ↑ Haasch Palmer. "Crunchyroll to produce original content, starting in 2019". https://www.polygon.com/tv/2018/8/22/17768214/crunchyroll-original-content-2019-high-guardian-spice. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
- ↑ Frank, Allegra (2019-03-12). "Adult Swim and Crunchyroll are hooking up to bring more anime to TV". https://www.polygon.com/2019/3/12/18261643/adult-swim-crunchyroll-anime-series. Retrieved 2019-03-12.
- ↑ Spangler, Todd (May 31, 2019). "WarnerMedia Reorg Gives Otter Media’s Tony Goncalves Oversight of Streaming Service Development" (in en). Variety. https://variety.com/2019/digital/news/warnermedia-streaming-unit-otter-media-tony-goncalves-1203230363/. Retrieved July 9, 2019.
- ↑ Lopez, Matt (July 3, 2019). "Crunchyroll and VIZ Media Partner on Home Video and EST Distribution (Exclusive)". TheWrap. https://www.thewrap.com/crunchyroll-and-viz-media-partner-on-home-video-and-est-distribution-exclusive/. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
- ↑ smg4official (2019-07-19). "I guess the cat's out of the bag now. I'm so happy to announce that we've partnered up with @Crunchyroll to help develop Meta Runner! Meta Runner will still be releasing completely for free exclusively on http://www.youtube.com/smg4 on July 25th. 6 Days left.pic.twitter.com/zFDCKK8K84" (in en) (Tweet). https://twitter.com/smg4official/status/1152404416571461632. Retrieved 2019-07-25.
- ↑ "Crunchyroll Wii U". Crunchyroll. 2014-12-25. https://www.crunchyroll.com/wiiu. Retrieved 2014-12-25.
- ↑ "Forum - Crunchyroll is on PS3™ Now!". Crunchyroll. 2013-03-18. http://www.crunchyroll.com/forumtopic-771249/crunchyroll-is-on-ps3-now. Retrieved 2013-03-27.
- ↑ "Crunchyroll App Available on PlayStation 4 at Launch". Crunchyroll. 2013-11-07. http://www.crunchyroll.ca/anime-news/2013/11/07-1/crunchyroll-app-available-on-playstation-4-at-launch. Retrieved 2013-12-16.
- ↑ "Crunchyroll App Available for PlayStation Vita Starting Today!". Crunchyroll. 2014-03-18. http://www.crunchyroll.com/anime-news/2014/03/18-1/crunchyroll-app-available-for-playstation-vita-starting-today. Retrieved 2014-06-14.
- ↑ "Forum - Crunchyroll is on Xbox LIVE now!". Crunchyroll. 2013-03-19. http://www.crunchyroll.com/forumtopic-785057/crunchyroll-is-on-xbox-live-now. Retrieved 2013-03-27.
- ↑ "Forum - Crunchyroll Now on Xbox One!". Crunchyroll. 2014-11-19. http://www.crunchyroll.com/forumtopic-875049/. Retrieved 2014-11-24.
- ↑ "HBO GO & WatchESPN Come to Apple TV". Apple Inc.. 2013-06-19. https://www.apple.com/pr/library/2013/06/19HBO-GO-WatchESPN-Come-to-Apple-TV.html. Retrieved 2013-06-19.
- ↑ "Crunchyroll App Now Available on Nintendo Wii". Crunchyroll. 2015-10-15. http://www.crunchyroll.com/anime-news/2015/10/15-1/crunchyroll-app-now-available-on-nintendo-wii. Retrieved 2015-10-16.
- ↑ "How Did the #AnimeAwards Nominees Get Picked?". Crunchyroll. 2019-01-11. https://www.crunchyroll.com/anime-feature/2019/01/11-1/how-did-the-animeawards-nominees-get-picked. Retrieved 2019-01-27.
- ↑ Macias, Patrick (February 9, 2017). "Crunchyroll Announces First-Ever “Crunchyroll Expo” Convention!". Crunchyroll. https://www.crunchyroll.com/anime-news/2017/02/09/crunchyroll-announces-first-ever-crunchyroll-expo-convention. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- ↑ Orsini, Lauren (September 6, 2017). "The Making Of Crunchyroll Expo, A Corporate Con With An Anime Fan Heart". Forbes. https://www.forbes.com/sites/laurenorsini/2017/09/06/the-making-of-crunchyroll-expo-a-corporate-con-with-an-anime-fan-heart/#36b5fc357b5e. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- ↑ Truong, Keira (August 21, 2019). "More Crunchyroll Expo guests revealed, programming schedule posted". Nerd Reactor. http://nerdreactor.com/2017/08/21/crunchyroll-expo-guests-revealed/. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- ↑ Sherman, Jennifer (August 9, 2017). "Crunchyroll Expo Hosts Kino's Journey Author Keiichi Sigsawa". Anime News Network. https://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2017-08-09/crunchyroll-expo-hosts-kino-journey-author-keiichi-sigsawa/.119875. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- ↑ "Second Annual Crunchyroll Expo Wraps in San Jose With Over 45,000 in Turnstile Attendance". The Geekly Grind. September 6, 2018. http://www.thegeeklygrind.com/second-annual-crunchyroll-expo-wraps-in-san-jose-with-over-45000-in-turnstile-attendance/. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- ↑ Milligan, Mercedes (August 9, 2019). "‘Blackfox’ Movie Premiering at Crunchyroll Expo". Animation Magazine. https://www.animationmagazine.net/events/blackfox-movie-premiering-at-crunchyroll-expo/. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- ↑ Valdez, Nick (June 28, 2019). "New Mob Psycho 100 OVA to Premiere at Crunchyroll Expo". Comic Book. https://comicbook.com/anime/2019/06/28/mob-psycho-100-ova-crunchyroll-expo-world-premiere/. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- ↑ Hodgkins, Crystalyn (January 22, 2019). "Crunchyroll Expo to Host Horror Manga Artist Junji Ito". Anime News Network. https://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2019-01-22/crunchyroll-expo-to-host-horror-manga-artist-junji-ito/.142353. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- ↑ Sherman, Jennifer (August 2, 2019). "Crunchyroll Expo Hosts 22/7 Voice Actresses Sally Amaki, Kanae Shirosawa, Ruri Umino". Anime News Network. https://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2019-08-02/crunchyroll-expo-hosts-22-7-voice-actresses-sally-amaki-kanae-shirosawa-ruri-umino/.149644. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- ↑ "The Creators of Food Wars! are Coming to Crunchyroll Expo 2019!". Crunchyroll. July 26, 2019. https://www.crunchyroll.com/anime-news/2019/07/26/the-creators-of-food-wars-are-coming-to-crunchyroll-expo-2019. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- ↑ Mateo, Alex (August 16, 2019). "Crunchyroll Expo Hosts Zombie Land Saga Anime's Cast, Staff". Anime News Network. https://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2019-08-16/crunchyroll-expo-hosts-zombie-land-saga-anime-cast-staff/.150136. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- ↑ "FLOW to Perform in Concert at Crunchyroll Expo 2019! | 10 Days of Announcements". Crunchyroll. June 29, 2019. https://www.crunchyroll.com/anime-news/2019/06/29-1/flow-to-perform-in-concert-at-crunchyroll-expo-2019-10-days-of-announcements. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- [[[:Template:Official website/http]] Official website]
- Crunchyroll at Anime News Network's Encyclopedia