The BBC World Service is the World Service of the British public broadcaster BBC. It is the largest radio station in the world with over 180 million listeners. The programs are broadcast in 27 languages. The English-language service broadcasts 24 hours a day. The best known English-language program is "Outlook" (news in the form of personal stories), which has been running since 1966. The service is seen as one of the most reliable in the world, and owns the largest global network of journalists. Since 1990 there has been sharply cut back on the resources of the transmitter.
The first on overseas-oriented kortegolfuitzendingen of the BBC started in 1925. From 1932, this was done under the name BBC Empire Service. Since the end of the 1930swere also programs in other languages provided. The German-language programs played a special role in the Second World War and foreign source of information for theGerman population. The BBC World Service working since 1940 from Bush House in London. From 1940 to 1957 provided the World Service broadcasts in Dutchalso. One of the employees was later member of Parliament Theo Joekes.
On 27 March 2011 stopped the medium wave transmitter on 648 kHz due to cuts. Attempts by listeners in Europe to the transmitter by an alternative method of financing to keep in the air failed. This is the BBC World Service only via cable, short wave or computer and download no more via the car radio.
The World Service describes her goal itself as "the best known and most respected voice in international broadcasting, and thus Great Britain range to use" (To be the world's best-known and most-respected voice in international broadcasting, thereby bringing benefit to Britain). The service has an extensive transmitter park on the short wave and medium wave with which almost all of the Earth is covered. In addition, much of the material World Service on local channels. One tries to be independent and neutral in the news coverage, although in some cases the transmitter also clearly embodies the British position. The latter is by former British premier Margaret Thatcher used as justification for spending tax money to the World Service. In some countries, the BBC World Service one of the generally accessible information resources that are not controlled by the local Government or manipulated.
In the 1990s the British element explicitly pushed in the background. Three of the best known phenomena of it disappeared:
- Big Ben: the broadcast every hour of the theme song and the bells of Big Ben
- tune: Lillyburlero play every hour, a recognizable melody; initially played by an orchestra, then by a wind band
- ' news from Britain ': the raising of the section ' News from Britain ' that on the world news followed.
Also gone are still a great number of other sections, topics and broadcasts with a distinctly British or cultural call number: cricket matches were no longer battle for battle (' blow by blow ') broadcast. There were no Anglican British church services more (from St. Martin-in-the-Fields in London) and the section with British inventions also disappeared, as well as the extremely popular game 'Just a minute', in which four famous gentlemen with any comic talent had to try for a minute to speak on a completely random subject. Also the Sunday radio play and programs about classical music (famous for the connoisseur Edward Greenfielddisappeared.
The emphasis came from then on the news posts to lie, which there is every half hour news broadcasts were programmed. By this format it became impossible for programs longer than 25 minutes to send out. When on 30 March 2004 the best known voice and commentator of the World Service died, the 95-year-old Alistair Cooke, who until two weeks before his death continued to give his comments under the title A Letter from America, there was little left of the old British World Service. Also died In november 2004 dj John Peel, who also possessed a huge following through the BBC WS. The year 2004 proved to be a turning point for the BBC WS.
The World Service initially saw it as his task to offer programs for everyone, from a British background and with a strong British element. That, especially after the second world war on, and the transmitter was the world's most listened to radio station ever-there was no similar opponent. The advent of the television changed that gradually. If only competitors (with somewhat similar means) could apply:
- the Voice of America, an American regeringspropaganda transmitter, which however programmed little culture
- Radio Moscow, a Soviet propaganda channel, who tried the example of the BBC World Service to follow through to donate likewise much attention to culture; at both the VOA as a Radio Moscow failed sports coverage.