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Gwyneth Kate Paltrow[1] (/ˈɡwɪnɨθ ˈpæltr/; born September 27, 1972)[2][3] is an American actress, singer, and food writer.[4][5] She made her acting debut on stage in 1990 and started appearing in films in 1991. After appearing in several films throughout the decade, Paltrow gained early notice for her work in films such as Seven (1995) and Emma (1996) (in which she played the title role).

Following the films Sliding Doors (1998) and A Perfect Murder (1998), Paltrow garnered worldwide recognition through her performance in Shakespeare in Love (1998), for which she won an Academy Award for Best Actress, a Golden Globe Award and two Screen Actors Guild Awards, for Outstanding Lead Actress and as a member of theOutstanding Cast. She also won an Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series in 2011 for her role as Holly Holliday on the Fox hit TV show Glee in the episode "The Substitute". In April 2013, she was named "Most Beautiful Woman" by People Magazine.[6]

Paltrow has portrayed supporting, as well as, lead roles, in films such as The Talented Mr. Ripley (1999), The Royal Tenenbaums (2001), Shallow Hal (2001), and Proof(2005), for which she earned a Golden Globe nomination as Best Actress in Motion Picture Drama. Since 2008 she has portrayed Pepper Potts, the love interest of Iron Man in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, in Iron Man (2008), Iron Man 2 (2010), The Avengers (2012), and Iron Man 3 (2013). Paltrow has been the face of Estée Lauder's Pleasures perfume since 2005.

She married Chris Martin, the lead vocalist of Coldplay, in 2003. She later had two children with him, Apple and Moses. They announced their separation, however, in March 2014, through her blog, Goop.com.[7] She is also the face of American fashion brand Coach,[8] owner of the lifestyle company Goop.com and author of two cookbooks: My Father's Daughter: Delicious, Easy Recipes Celebrating Family & Togetherness, and It's All Good.[9]

ContentsEdit

 [hide*1 Early life and education

Early life and education[edit]Edit

Paltrow was born in Los AngelesCalifornia, and is the daughter of actress Blythe Danner and the late film producer/director Bruce Paltrow. Her father was Jewish and her mother is from a Christian background, and Paltrow was raised with "both Jewish and Christian holidays".[10][11][12] Her father's Ashkenazi family immigrated from Belarus[13] and Poland,[14] while her mother's ancestry is Pennsylvania Dutch (German) and white Barbadian (English).[15][16][17] Paltrow's paternal great-great-grandfather, whose surname was "Paltrowicz," was a rabbi in Nowogród, Poland.[18] Paltrow has a younger brother, Jake Paltrow, and is a half-cousin of actress Katherine Moennig, and a second cousin of former U.S. Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords (AZ-08).[19] Her uncle is opera singer and actor Harry Danner.

Paltrow was raised in Santa Monica, where she attended Crossroads School, before enrolling in the Spence School, a private girls' school in New York City.[20] Later, she briefly studied anthropology at the University of California, Santa Barbara, before dropping out to act.[21] She is an "adopted daughter" of Talavera de la Reina (Spain), where at 15 she spent a year as an exchange student and learned to speak Spanish.[22][23][24]

Career[edit]Edit

1989–1995: Early acting work[edit]Edit

Her acting debut was in High (1989), a TV film her father directed, and after spending several summers watching her mother perform at the Williamstown Theatre Festival in Massachusetts, Paltrow made her professional stage debut there in 1990.[25] Her film debut followed with Shout (1991), starring John Travolta; and she was cast by Steven Spielberg in his film Hook (1991) as the young Wendy Darling.[25]

Paltrow's next roles were in the made-for-television movies Cruel Doubt (1992) and Deadly Relations (1993). Her first plum feature film role was in the noir drama Flesh and Bone (1993) as the much-younger girlfriend of James Caan. In 1995, she played Brad Pitt's wife in the hit thriller Se7en. Her performance earned her a Satellite Award nomination. Also in 1995, she appeared in Moonlight and Valentino and Jefferson in Paris.[26][27]

1996–2001: Breakthrough and film stardom[edit]Edit

In 1996, Paltrow played the title character in Emma to critical acclaim, particularly in the United Kingdom, where her perfection of the English accent was appreciated. She had leading roles in several films throughout 1998, including Sliding Doors and the adaptation of the Charles Dickens novel Great Expectations with Ethan HawkeRobert De NiroAnne Bancroft and Chris Cooper. She also appeared in two thrillers, Hushopposite Jessica Lange and A Perfect Murder inspired by Alfred Hitchcock's 1954 film, Dial M for Murder. Paltrow appeared opposite Michael Douglas as Emily Taylor, based on Grace Kelly's character from the original film, though the film was met with mixed reviews. She was also considered for the role of Rose DeWitt Bukater in the 1997 film Titanic.[28]

[1][2]Paltrow at the 2000Toronto International Film Festival.

In 1998, Paltrow starred in Shakespeare in Love, portraying the fictional lover of William Shakespeare, played by Joseph Fiennes. The film earned more than US$100 million in box office receipts in the United States, and Paltrow gained critical acclaim for her portrayal. Entertainment Weekly commented, "Best of all is Gwyneth Paltrow, who, at long last, has a movie to star in that's as radiant as she is."[29] The New York Times summed up her turn as Viola as such: "Gwyneth Paltrow, in her first great, fully realized starring performance, makes a heroine so breathtaking that she seems utterly plausible as the playwright's guiding light."[30]

The award-winning Shakespeare in Love[31][32] earned Paltrow the award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role from the Screen Actors Guild,[33] the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress[33] and the Academy Award for Best Actress, among other honors.[32] Her Pink Ralph Lauren dress worn at the 71st Academy Awards in collecting her Oscar was extremely popular and was credited for bringing pink back into fashion.[34]

In 1999, Paltrow co-starred alongside Jude LawMatt Damon and Cate Blanchett in The Talented Mr. Ripley, which earned $80 million domestically and received positive reviews.[35] She showcased her singing ability in 2000's Duets, which was directed by her father and co-starred singer Huey Lewis. The same year, Paltrow co-starred with Ben Affleck in the romantic drama Bounce as Abby Janello. In 2001, she played Margot Tenenbaum as part of an ensemble cast in the Wes Anderson film The Royal Tenenbaums and starred with Jack Black in the comedy Shallow Hal, where she had to wear a specially designed 25-pound fatsuit and heavy make-up.

2002–2007: Career slowdown[edit]Edit

Since the Oscar for Shakespeare in Love, Paltrow's film success has been less noteworthy.[36] She said she was unequipped for the pressure, leading to several bad movie choices,[37]agreeing with peers who believe the win is, in some ways, a curse.[38] During this time, Paltrow rarely appeared in films, having taken a hiatus to raise her 2 children.[20] In The Guardian, she said she divided her career into movies for love and films for money: The Royal TenenbaumsProof, and Sylvia fell into the former category, while she did View from the Top and Shallow Hal for the latter.[24]

In 2004, she appeared in the science-fiction film Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow opposite Jude Law. The same year, she was recognized as an outstanding woman in entertainment by Women in Film Los Angeles with the Crystal Award.[39] In 2005, she appeared in the film Proof as the depressed daughter of a brilliant, eccentric mathematician. The movie is based on the play of the same name, in which Paltrow also played the same character at London's Donmar Warehouse in 2002. For her performance Paltrow earned her second Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama. In 2006, she had small roles in Running With Scissors and Infamous, in which she sang Cole Porter's "What Is This Thing Called Love?".

2008–present: Career comeback[edit]Edit

In 2008, she appeared in the superhero film Iron Man as Pepper PottsTony Stark's personal assistant, closest friend, and budding love interest.[40] Iron Man was Paltrow's highest-grossing film to date, earning more than $585,000,000 worldwide,[41] until she reprised her role as Potts in Joss Whedon's 2012 epic, The Avengers, which grossed more than $1 billion worldwide.[42] Paltrow said she was hesitant to appear in a big-budget project but she was won over by Robert Downey, Jr., the film's lead, and director Jon Favreau. She recalled a conversation with Downey, saying:[43]

[3][4]Paltrow at a ceremony for receiving herHollywood Walk of Famestar, December 2010

"Robert called me and he said, 'This is gonna be fun, and this is gonna be good.' And then he said to me, 'Don't you want to be in a movie that people see?' And I was like, 'Whoa! What would that feel like?' And he's right. Moviemaking is not supposed to be a masturbatory exercise; it's supposed to be shared by other people."

In 2010, Paltrow reprised her role in the sequel to Iron Man, Iron Man 2. Later in 2010, she appeared in the musical Country Strong and recorded the song Country Strong for the film's soundtrack.[44] The song was released to country radio in August 2010.[45] At the 83rd Academy Awards, Paltrow performed another song from the movie, "Coming Home," which was nominated for Best Original Song.[46]

Paltrow also appeared in Fox's Glee, as substitute teacher Holly Holliday, who fills in for Matthew Morrison's character when he falls ill. In her first episode, "The Substitute," she sang "Nowadays" from the musical Chicago with Lea MicheleCee Lo Green's "Forget You", and a mash-up of "Singin' In the Rain" and Rihanna's "Umbrella" with Morrison and the rest of the cast.[47] She later performed "Forget You" with Cee Lo Green himself and several puppet characters provided by The Jim Henson Company at the 2011 Grammy Awards.[48] She reprised her role twice more that season, performing "Do You Wanna Touch Me (Oh Yeah)" by Gary Glitter, an acoustic version of "Landslide" by Fleetwood Mac, "Kiss" by Prince, and Adele's "Turning Tables".

In 2011, Paltrow appeared in the Steven Soderbergh thriller Contagion, in which she was part of an ensemble cast, including Kate WinsletMarion Cotillard and her The Talented Mr. Ripley co-stars Matt Damon and Jude Law.[49] The movie opened at number 1 at the US Box Office Weekend and received positive reviews. In 2012 she starred in the independent romantic comedy Thanks for Sharing with Mark Ruffalo and reprised her role as Pepper Potts in the film The Avengers, which broke records as the highest grossing U.S. opening weekend film of all time. It was confirmed that Paltrow will star as Dora Maar in Carlos Saura's Spanish film 33 días alongside Antonio Banderas as Pablo Picasso. The film began shooting in late 2012, for a 2013 release.[50][51]

In April 2013, Paltrow was named People magazine's annual "Most Beautiful Woman".[52]

Other projects[edit]Edit

[5][6]Paltrow at the 84th Academy Awards in 2012.

Paltrow is a Save the Children artist ambassador, raising awareness about World Pneumonia Day.[53] She is on the board of the Robin Hood Foundation, a charitable organization that works to alleviate poverty in New York City.[54] In February 2009, Paltrow received a Grammy nomination for her reading of the classic bear books of author Bill Martin, Jr.[55]

Paltrow had her singing debut in the 2000 film Duets, in which she performed a cover version of Smokey Robinson's "Cruisin'". The song was released as a single. The song went to number one in Australia, while Paltrow's rendition of the Kim Carnes classic "Bette Davis Eyes" reached number three.[56] In the 2006 film Infamous, she sang "What Is This Thing Called Love". On September 27, 2006, Paltrow sang with rapper Jay-Z during his concert at Royal Albert Hall. She sang the chorus for "Song Cry", from the rapper's album Blueprint.[57] In an interview, she said she would be at the concert but not that she would perform. She was quoted as saying "I'm a Jay-Z fan. He's my best friend."[58]

In May 2005, Paltrow became the face of Estée Lauder's Pleasures perfume. She appeared in Chicago on August 17, 2007, to sign bottles of the perfume, and on July 8, 2008, she promoted Lauder's Sensuous perfume in New York with the company's three other models.[59] Estée Lauder donates a minimum of $500,000 of sales of items from the 'Pleasures Gwyneth Paltrow' collection to breast cancer research.[60] In 2006, she became the face for Bean Pole International, a Korean fashion brand.

In 2014 Paltrow partnered with Blo Blow Bar, teaming up with the brand's creative branch.[61]

Food writing and Goop[edit]Edit

In October 2007 Paltrow signed for the PBS television series Spain... on the Road Again, which showcases the food and culture of Spain.[62]

In September 2008 she launched the weekly lifestyle newsletter Goop, encouraging readers to 'nourish the inner aspect'. The website's title is derived from the initials of her first and last names.[63] Each week, the newsletter focuses on an action: Make, Go, Get, Do, Be, and See.

In 2008 she co-wrote the book Spain... A Culinary Road Trip with Mario Batali.[64] In 2011, she wrote a book titled My Father's Daughter: Delicious, Easy Recipes Celebrating Family and Togetherness.[65] That same year she penned the book Notes From the Kitchen Table.[66] Two years later she published a book titled It's All Good: Delicious Easy Recipes That Will Make You Look Good and Feel Great. That year she wrote a foreword for a book by Ross Matthews titled Man Up! Tales of My Delusional Self-Confidence.

Personal life[edit]Edit

[7][8]Paltrow at the Iron Man 3French premiere in April 2013.

At the age of 24, Paltrow was engaged to actor Brad Pitt, whom she dated from 1994 to 1997.[67] The engagement was called off, according to Paltrow, because she was not ready for marriage, and she later felt responsible for hurting Pitt since she was "such a mess" during that time in her life.[68] Paltrow has since said that, as this was her first high-profile relationship with another celebrity, it taught her the need for public discretion about her romantic life; she told Biography magazine, "I said things about being in a relationship [with Brad Pitt] that felt wrong to me even as I was saying them."[69]

Paltrow had an on-off three-year relationship with actor Ben Affleck from 1997 to late 2000.[70] Soon after their breakup, Paltrow managed to persuade Affleck to work in the film Bouncewith her;[71] during the making of the film, which was shot in mid-1999, the couple started dating again and eventually broke up in October 2000.[70]

In October 2002, Paltrow met Chris Martin of the British rock group Coldplay backstage three weeks after the death of her father, Bruce Paltrow. They married on December 5, 2003, in a ceremony at a hotel in Southern California.[72] Paltrow and Martin have two children together: daughter Apple Blythe Alison Martin (b. 2004) and son Moses Bruce Anthony Martin (b. 2006).[73] Paltrow explained Apple's unusual first name on Oprah, saying: "It sounded so sweet and it conjured such a lovely picture for me – you know, apples are so sweet and they're wholesome and it's biblical – and I just thought it sounded so lovely and ... clean! And I just thought, 'Perfect!'."[74] She explained her son's first name came from the song, "Moses", that her husband wrote for her before their wedding.[73] Paltrow's father came from a long line of influential Eastern European rabbis, and that inspired Paltrow to raise her daughter and son in a Jewish environment.[75][76] Paltrow has stated, "if you could see how much food I make – I am the original Jewish mother".[77] Paltrow cut down on work after becoming a mother.[78] She also suffered from postpartum depression after the 2006 birth of her son.[79] In March 2014, Paltrow announced that she and Martin had separated after ten years of marriage, describing the process as "conscious uncoupling".[7][80][81]

Filmography[edit]Edit

[9][10]Paltrow at the 2011 Venice Film Festival===Film[edit]===

Film
Year Film Role Notes
1989 High
1991 Shout Rebecca
1991 Hook Young Wendy Darling
1992 Cruel Doubt Angela Pritchard
1993 Deadly Relations Carol Ann Fagot Applegarth Holland
1993 Malice Paula Bell
1993 Flesh and Bone Ginny
1994 Mrs. Parker and the Vicious Circle Paula Hunt
1995 Higher Learning Student Uncredited
1995 Jefferson in Paris Patsy Jefferson
1995 Moonlight and Valentino Lucy Trager
1996 Seven Tracy Mills
1996 Hard Eight Clementine
1996 The Pallbearer Julie DeMarco
1996 Emma Emma Woodhouse
1997 Thomas Jefferson Jefferson's granddaughter (voice) TV mini-series
1998 Sliding Doors Helen Quilley
1998 Great Expectations Estella
1998 Hush Helen Baring
1998 A Perfect Murder Emily Bradford Taylor
1998 Shakespeare in Love Viola De Lesseps
1999 The Talented Mr. Ripley Marge Sherwood
2000 The Intern Herself Uncredited
2000 Duets Liv
2000 Bounce Abby Janello
2001 The Anniversary Party Skye Davidson
2001 The Royal Tenenbaums Margot Tenenbaum
2001 Shallow Hal Rosemary Shanahan
2002 Searching for Debra Winger Herself Documentary
2002 Austin Powers in Goldmember Dixie Normous in 'Austinpussy' Cameo
2002 Possession Maud Bailey
2003 View from the Top Donna Jensen
2003 Sylvia Sylvia Plath
2004 Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow Polly Perkins
2005 Proof Catherine
2006 Infamous Kitty Dean
2006 Love and Other Disasters Hollywood Jacks Cameo
2006 Running with Scissors Hope Finch
2007 The Good Night Dora
2008 Iron Man Pepper Potts
2008 Two Lovers Michelle
2010 Iron Man 2 Pepper Potts
2010 Country Strong Kelly Canter
2011 Glee: The 3D Concert Movie Holly Holliday Uncredited
2011 Contagion Beth Emhoff
2012 Thanks for Sharing Phoebe
2012 The Avengers Pepper Potts
2013 Iron Man 3 Pepper Potts
2014 Mortdecai Johanna Post-production

Television[edit]Edit

Television
Year Film Role Notes
1997 Thomas Jefferson Jefferson's granddaughter (voice) TV mini-series
1999–2001, 2011 Saturday Night Live Host/Various 5 episodes
2008 Spain... On The Road Again Herself TV series documentary; 13 episodes
2010 The Marriage Ref Herself – Panelist Episode: "Gwyneth Paltrow/Jerry Seinfeld/Greg Giraldo"
2010–2014[82] Glee Holly Holliday 5 episodes
2011 Who Do You Think You Are? Herself Episode: "Gwyneth Paltrow"
2012 The New Normal Abby Episode: "Pilot" (cameo/uncredited)

Awards and nominations[edit]Edit

Year Nominated work Award Category Result
1995 Seven Saturn Awards Best Supporting Actress Nominated
1996 Emma Satellite Awards Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Won
1998 Shakespeare in Love Academy Awards Best Actress Won
1998 Shakespeare in Love Empire Awards Best Actress Won
1998 Shakespeare in Love Golden Globe Awards Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Won
1998 Shakespeare in Love MTV Movie Awards Best Kiss(shared with Joseph Fiennes) Won
1998 Shakespeare in Love Screen Actors Guild Awards Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role Won
1998 Shakespeare in Love Screen Actors Guild Awards Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture Won
1998 Shakespeare in Love BAFTA Awards Best Actress in a Leading Role Nominated
1998 Shakespeare in Love MTV Movie Awards Best Female Performance Nominated
1998 Shakespeare in Love Satellite Awards Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Nominated
1998 Shakespeare in Love Teen Choice Awards Choice Actress – Film Nominated
1998 Shakespeare in Love Teen Choice Awards Sexiest Love Scene Nominated
2000 Bounce MTV Movie Awards Best Kiss(shared with Ben Affleck) Nominated
2001 The Royal Tenenbaums Satellite Awards Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture Nominated
2001 Shallow Hal Teen Choice Awards Choice Comedy Actress – Film Nominated
2004 Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow MTV Movie Awards Best Kiss(shared with Jude Law) Nominated
2005 Proof Golden Globe Awards Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama Nominated
2008 Iron Man Saturn Awards Best Actress Nominated
2008 Iron Man Teen Choice Awards Choice Movie Actress – Action Adventure Nominated
2010 Iron Man 2 Teen Choice Awards Choice Movie Actress – Sci-Fi Nominated
2010 Country Strong Satellite Awards Best Original Song Nominated
2011 Glee Primetime Emmy Awards Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series Won
2013 Iron Man 3 Teen Choice Awards Choice Movie Actress – Action Nominated
2013 Iron Man 3 People's Choice Awards Favorite Movie Actress Nominated
2013 Iron Man 3 People's Choice Awards Favorite Movie Duo Nominated
2013 Iron Man 3 Critics' Choice Movie Awards Best Actress in an Action Movie Nominated

Discography[edit]Edit

Singles[edit]Edit

Singles Year Peak chart positions Certifications

(sales threshold)

Album
US

[83]

US AC

[84]

[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot_Country_Songs US

Country] [85]

AUS

[86]

NZ

[87]

UK

[88]

"Cruisin'" (with Huey Lewis) 2000 1 1 1 Duets
"Bette Davis Eyes" 3
  • AUS: Platinum[89]
"Country Strong" 2010 81 30 Country Strong
"Me and Tennessee" (with Tim McGraw) 2011 34 63
"—" denotes releases that did not chart

Featured singles[edit]Edit

Single Year Peak chart positions Album
US

[90][91] [92]

AUS

[93][94]

CAN

[95][96] [97]

IRL

[98]

UK

[99][100] [101]

"Forget You" (with Glee Cast) 2010 11 24 12 20 31 Glee: The Music, Volume 4
"Nowadays / Hot Honey Rag" (with Glee Cast)[102] Non-album singles
"Singing in the Rain / Umbrella" (with Glee Cast) 18 23 20 10 22
"Do You Wanna Touch Me (Oh Yeah)" (with Glee Cast) 2011 57 63 95 Glee: The Music, Volume 5
"Kiss" (with Glee Cast) 83 98 80
"Landslide" (with Glee Cast) 23 38 35 36 52
"Turning Tables" (with Glee Cast) 66 66 75 Glee: The Music, Volume 6
"Happy" (with Glee Cast) 2014 Glee: The Music, Celebrating 100 Episodes
"Party All the Time" (with Glee Cast)
"—" denotes releases that did not chart.

Album appearances[edit]Edit

Song Year Album
"Silent Worship" (with Ewan McGregor) 1996 Emma
"Just My Imagination (Running Away with Me)" (with Babyface) 2000 Duets
"It's Only Love" (with Sheryl Crow) 2002 C'mon, C'mon
"What Is This Thing Called Love?" (with Mark Rubin Band) 2006 Infamous
"Shake That Thing" 2010 Country Strong
"Coming Home"
"A Fighter"
"Travis"
"Over the Rainbow" (with Matthew Morrison) 2011 Matthew Morrison
"This Woman's Work" Every Mother Counts
"Waiting on June" (with Holly Williams) 2013 The Highway

Music videos[edit]Edit

Video Year Director
"Country Strong" 2010 Kristin Barlowe, Christoper Sims
"Me and Tennessee" (with Tim McGraw) 2011 Shana Feste

Published works[edit]Edit

  • Paltrow, Gwyneth (2011). My Father's Daughter: Delicious, Easy Recipes Celebrating Family & Togetherness. Grand Central Life & Style. ISBN 978-0446557313.
  • Paltrow, Gwyneth (2013). It's All Good: Delicious, Easy Recipes That Will Make You Look Good and Feel Great. Grand Central Life & Style. ISBN 978-1455522712.

Official Account Edit

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